China drapes Rio Carnival with its synthetic fabric
China is making its formidable presence felt at Rio's famed Carnival, supplying much of the synthetic fabric used to make the lavish costumes and accessories worn by samba dancers, musicians and revelers during the five-day extravaganza.
As the mega-event's prepares to start on Friday, local samba schools put the finishing touches to the glittering costumes they will show off during the parades at the Sambadrome, the "temple of Samba," Sunday and Monday.
Carnival King Momo (L) gets from Rio's mayor Wduardo Paes the keys to the city during the official launching of the 2012 Carnival. ©AFP
Youths prepared accessories and costumes featuring colorful fabric adorned with sparkling sequins, beads and imitation diamonds.
Thousands more scrambled through the narrow streets of the central Rio garment district to buy mascara, disguises, hats, wings and sunglasses for use during the wild street parties that will attract hundreds of thousands of people.
Carnival costumes and disguises are hand-made and for the most part produced in Brazil, but the raw material comes from China, said Jonatan Schmidt, the president of Brazil's association of textile importers (ABITEX).
"In Brazil, we produce only 15 percent of the synthetic fabric needed for the Carnival, the rest is imported mainly from China," he told AFP.
"The number of imported ready-made costumes is negligible. What is important is the raw material that we import," he said.
A dancer of Beija Flor samba school performs during the official launching of the 2012 Carnival. ©AFP
In 2011, Brazil's textile production fell nearly 15 percent and imports shot up 53 percent to $1.085 billion compared with the previous year. The main supplier was China, according to Brazil's Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).
China "has the biggest industrial park with competitive prices and good quality," Schmidt said, noting that Brazil has to rely on imports because it does not have major domestic synthetic fabric producers.
"There are just a few small factories with foreign capital that produce to meet their own demand," he said.
At Silmer, one of Rio's major Carnival costume stores, business is brisk. In the past days nearly 1,500 people have been coming in every day to buy, said employee Claudio Muniz.
A stall selling traditional carnival stuff in the Saara popular market in Rio de Janeir. ©AFP
"Fifty percent of our products are imported from China, and they are 20 to 25 percent cheaper than those from Brazil," Muniz said. "The other 50 percent are Brazilian."
The costumes are not imported, but "90 percent of them are made with Chinese-made fabric," he said.
"Brazilians want something cheap, disposable, light, which does not require washing or ironing. It has to be practical and material like cotton and silk won't do because they are expensive and not practical," Schmidt said.
Customers are not always happy with the prices, which like everything else in Brazil, are high.
A 28-year-old lawyer who said she will disguise herself as a fairy during Carnival bought some wings at Silmer for less than eight dollars, but found a costume, priced at 47 dollars, too expensive.
"I'll try to get one cheaper elsewhere," said the woman, who did not give her name.
Muniz said the surge in costume sales began two years ago when "street carnivals regained popularity."
According to Brazil's foreign trade association AEB, the country posted a $3.40 billion deficit in its textile trade between January and November 2011, $830 million more than the previous year.
Inocentes da Caprichosos samba school rehearses for the Children Samba School parade at the Sambodrome in Rio. ©AFP
In 2009, China dislodged the United States as Brazil's largest trading partner, with bilateral trade reaching $77 billion last year.
Beijing is now also the largest investor in the South American nation, with Brazil enjoying a trade surplus of some $11.5 billion.
Iron ore and soybeans represent more than 80 percent of Brazil's exports to China, while China in turn sells mostly manufactured goods.
Brazilian manufacturers have been complaining about the influx of cheap Chinese imports, including shoes and automobiles, and Brasilia is pressing Beijing to open its doors wider to Brazilian manufactured goods.