Tengrinews.kz reports from the plenary meeting of the Majilis (Lower Chamber of the Parliament of Kazakhstan).
“Our analysis of advanced global experience (of RES use) helped define 2 major support measures: fixed rates system and green certificates mechanism (or quota allocation system). The experience of most of the developed countries (especially Germany, the U.S., Spain, Austria) shows that introduction of the fixed rates system was the one that enabled large-scale implementation of RES,” Kazakhstan Environmental Protection Minister Nurlan Kapparov said presenting the draft law on renewable energy sources to the Parliament.
According to him the practice of the quotas system is ambiguous, that’s why the draft law provides for introduction of fixed rates on electricity produced by RES facilities.
Besides, the draft law’s concept provides for creation of an accounting and finance center to deal with procurement of energy from RES plants at a fixed rate, as well as with lands allocation for construction of RES facilities.
Targeted support is another important innovation in the draft law. “To boost use of renewable energy sources, the state is reimbursing 50% of the costs of individual users not connected to electric networks and for procurement of RES units of or below 5kW. This measure will mainly support the users living in remote villages and farms, which will help developing rural areas and provide the access to electricity,” the Minister explained.
The draft law is aimed at creating conditions for individual users to sell excessive power energy produced by RES by supplying them into the general electric network. “For example, Germany has implemented a state program called 100,000 Roofs several years ago and the U.S. has a similar program called One Million Solar Roofs. In the German program, an RES owner initially makes a one-time payment, which is a pretty high amount, to install solar batteries. After that the generated electricity is supplied to the general energy network at a guaranteed fixed rate. Where as user of electricity the general network get it at a market price. The state, in its turn, is making RES widely available for individual users,” Kapparov explained.
Kazakhstan Majilis already reviewed the RES draft law once before. Back than the deputies decided that the document required more work because of the EXPO-2017 to be held in Kazakhstan, delimitation of authorities between the state bodies in relation to transfer of functions on forming the state policy in RES sector from the Ministry of Industry and New Technologies to the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
But at the latest meeting the deputies approved the draft law in the first reading. According to Majilis chairman Nurlan Nigmatulin, using RES will allow the country to advance in development of modern innovative technologies.
“This is the case when it is impractical to battle windmills. Using wind, sun and water energy is a step to development of the innovative technologies and solving ecological problems,” the speaker said.
By Altynai Zhumzhumina