Russia plans to set up two station of the System of Differential Correction and Monitoring (SDCM) for GLONASS in Kazakhstan.
The United States and the Philippines have vowed to maintain freedom of navigation in a Southeast Asia increasingly beset by maritime territorial rows.
Google is in talks on a deal worth at least $1 billion to buy the Israel-based GPS mobile navigation app Waze.
ERA-GLONASS system will become compulsory for new cars starting from January 1, 2017 in Kazakhstan.
An oblong crystal found in the wreck of a 16th-century English warship is a sunstone, a near-mythical navigational aid said to have been used by Viking mariners.
China has launched commercial and public services across the Asia-Pacific region on its domestic satellite navigation network built to rival the US global positioning system.