Kazakhstan is medically and legally ready for cadaveric donation26 october 2014, 14:46
Medical specialists have discussed Kazakhstan’s readiness for cadaveric donation both in legal and medical terms at the New Vision of Transplantology press conference, Tengrinews reports.
The Kazakhstanis, according to the doctors, are the ones who have the final say in the highly debated topic of cadaveric donation.
Today, there are more and more people in the need of organ transplants. “There are unfortunately little children too. However, the donor bank has a high deficit in kidneys, livers, hearts and other organs. According to the August 2014 data, 1718 people need kidney transplantation and 49 of them are children. 66 patients require heart translation and 13 are children. 565 people are in need of a new liver. 15 of them are children,” a spokes person reported at the press conference.
According to an expert in medical law Kuanysh Akpalenov, even through, the Kazakhstani legislation allows working with any type of donorship, there are some issues that have to be addressed. “There is a need for mechanisms that exercise living will of citizens for cadaveric donation. These mechanisms are being developed, but I cannot specify what they are going to be like yet,” Akpalenov said.
Meanwhile, Kazakhstan has a presumption of willingness in regards to cadaveric donation. “A person may have never through whether he or she wants to donate organs after death or not. But the presumption works along the principle of “silence implies consent”.
However, the family of the deceased can be against it. That is why it is important to have a legislation that thoroughly explains the mechanisms of cadaveric organ donation,” Akpalenov explained.
Changes in the legislation regarding cadaveric donation could take place sometime in 2015 after amendments to the national health code are made. Meanwhile, doctors call to create mechanisms to stimulate citizens to volunteer for donorship after their death. “It could be different methods. For example, a person who received an organ could help the relatives of the deceased with the funerals,” the spokesperson said.
Representatives of local churches and mosques, too, participated in the press conference. All religious communities expressed their support of any type of organ donations. According to the data gathered by Dr Arman Tugumbayev of the Cardiac Surgery and Heart Transplantation Department at the Syzdanov’s State Surgery Center for research, 70% of Kazakhstanis support cadaveric donation.
By Gyuzel Kamalova