Kazakhstan astronomers to help build unique telescope 08 октября 2013, 13:14
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Kazakhstan astronomers will take part in the unique Ultraviolet international project of the World Space Observatory. The project is intended for studying the Universe in the 115 - 310 nm ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths range, which is beyond the reach of ground-based instruments, Megapolis writes. Kazakhstan will make a significant contribution into the project by participating in the construction of the unique ultraviolet telescope in Moscow. Its launch into the orbit is scheduled for 2015. “The significance of the project is equal to the launch of the orbit telescope Hubble. The telescope will allow to observe hot stars and the process of star birth in the ultraviolet range. But most important is that it will allow to solve the issues related to the dark energy and dark matter, which is extremely important for the contemporary science,” Director of Vassily Fassenkov Astrophysical Institute of the National Center for Space Research and Technologies Chingiz Omarov said. The project also involves Russia, Spain, Germany and China. “We had several meetings with our colleagues from the Astronomy Institute of the Russian Academy of Science and are preparing our scientific program of observations for this telescope,” Omarov added. Besides construction of the telescope, Kazakhstan has other international scientific projects. Two of them will be implemented with participation of Belgium and South Korea. Belgian AMOS (Advanced mechanical and Optical Systems) expressed its interest in construction of a telescope of 3.6 meters in diameter in Kazakhstan, which will be the biggest telescope in Central Asia. The project is expected to be launched by 2020, as manufacturing the mirror for this telescope will take three to five years. Kazakhstan also signed a memorandum with South Korean Institute of Astronomy and Space Sciences for construction of an automated telescope of 50cm in diameter. It will be linked with four similar telescopes in Mongolia, South Africa, Australia and Turkey. The network will enable the scientists to cover the whole night sky and continuously observe objects.