1. Main
  2. Learn
  3. Industry
  4. Science, Technologies

Age of Saka Princess discovered in 2013 determined

©Vladimir Prokopenko ©Vladimir Prokopenko

Archaeologists have determined the age of the Saka Princess found in 2013 in eastern Kazakhstan, Tengrinews reports citing yk.kz.

Thanks to a new methodology, the restorers found that Urdzhar princess lived in IV-III centuries BC. Her approximate age at the time of death was 40-45 years. The woman’s headdress was made of red silk and her clothes of wool.

The archaeologists believe that the woman used to live in Laibulak area because of its proximity to the burial site and because it had a pure mountain stream, a source of good water crucial for a settlement in those days.

"We asked the Hermitage to make the analyses, they returned good results. There was an interesting image of a mythical bird on her headdress. We understood that it was the mythical bird of Samruk (a well-known figure in the Kazakh mythology). It is the first time that we find these images," said a leading Kazakh restorer Krym Altynbekov.

As the restorers note, field work does not always provide as much detail as laboratory studies. This is why a spacial technique was developed by Kazakh scientists to ensure preservation of discovered artifacts. It is called Kum Dorba. Its key principle is that the sarcophagus in placed in one block, and all the artifacts and objects together with the soil around them is placed into another block.

"When we use the block technique we can preserve both the remnants and the objects surrounding them.We have taken only the part that we need, now archaeologists and historians can proceed with their analyses," Krym Altynbekov said.

Conservation work at the site has been finished and restoration has begun. The scientists have sent soil, bones and textiles from the site to a lab in the United States for tests and expect the results shortly. The American lab will determine the exact time when the Saka princess lived.

After all the research and restoration works are completed, the exhibit will be sent to the National Museum of Kazakhstan in Astana.

Kazakhstan archaeologists found the tomb of the Saka Princess in Urdzhar region of East Kazakhstan Oblast back in summer of 2013. The artifacts found in the burial suggested the woman was from a distinguished tribe. One of these was a long golden headdress with zoomorchic ornaments and decorated with jewels. The tomb also contained ceramic and wooden vessels and bones of sacrificial sheep.

“Similar headwear used to be part of the official costume of the Saka tribe chieftains. It is quite possible that the woman was a daughter of a king of a Saka Tigrakhauda tribe,” expedition leader Timur Smagulov said after the discovery was made.

The golden headdress also gave the find its name - the Saka Princes. The item closely resembles the headwear of the Golden Man discovered in Kazakhstan in a burial mound near Issyk town in 1969.

By Dinara Urazova, editing by Tatyana Kuzmina

Nobel prizewinner proposes a new city in KZ
New abnormal snowfalls expected in Kazakhstan
Huge glacier retreat triggered in 1940s
Hyperloop construction begins in Las Vegas
"Moonlight" to top Spirit Awards nominations
Oil prices fall due to investors uncertainty
New dwarf galaxy discovered around Milky Way
Kanat Islam becomes a top ten WBO boxer
World oil prices continue to rise
Kazakhstan expects warming - Kazhydromet
Merkel to seek fourth term as chancellor
Sale of Tintin drawings set to break records
US, EU stocks fall as markets focus on dollar
Pacific leaders urged to defend free trade
EU warns eight nations on budget deficit
Universiade-2017: Athletic Village is ready
Bob Dylan can't make Nobel ceremony
Messi will never leave Barca - club president
Google, Facebook take aim at 'fake' news
Aerosmith announces Europe 'farewell' tour
Putin, Trump to normalise US-Russia ties
At least 10 hurt in southern Turkey blast
6.2 quake hits western Japan
OPEC agrees shock oil output cut
Israeli ex-president and Nobel laureate Peres dies
Germany blocks WhatsApp data transfers to Facebook
32,000 arrested in Turkey coup probe
Youth to the fore as Milan fashion week opens
Xenophobia threatening peace in eastern Germany
Four-in-10 Japanese are virgins: poll
Sweden re-militarises Baltic island of Gotland
China to launch second space laboratory: Xinhua
More than a billion stars mapped in Milky Way: ESA
Boxing: Golovkin eyes Saunders after stopping Brook
Kazakhstan shifts PM to security chief
Oil prices gain despite rising OPEC supply forecast
US to give Philippines military planes
Singapore wages war on Zika-bearing mosquitoes
Italy quake death toll nears 250
Viral photos add fuel to French burkini debate
18 dead as Italy struck by powerful quake
Japan's first lady visits Pearl Harbor
Pokemon's a no-go on Bangkok's roads
July was Earth's hottest month in modern times
Pakistan rock climbers scale new heights