PHOTO: Nursultan Nazarbayev opened a memorial to famine victims in Astana 02 июня 2012, 09:26
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Photo by Danial Okassov©
Nursultan Nazarbayev opened a monument to the victims of forced famine in Astana. An official opening of the memorial called To victims of famine of 1932-1933 at the crossing of Republic and Abai streets was held on May 31 with participation of Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev, Tengrinews.kz reports.
The memorial complex is represented by the Wall of Grief made in the form of Kerege part of the yurt and a sculptural combination made of the figures of a woman and a child.
“Today is a day of memory of victims of political repressions and famine. We remember these two tragic dates. This year is the 80th anniversary of the mass famine in our country and the 75th anniversary of the political repressions. Not only Kazakhstan suffered from the famine. 7 million people died of famine in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. Over 1.5 million of those who died of the famine lived in Kazakhstan,” Nursultan Nazarbayev said at the ceremony.
“We have gathered here to eternalize the people’s memory and open the monument to the victims of famine of 1932-1933 in memory of Kazakhstan citizens who fell victims of famine. Collectivization turned out to be a cruel experiment; it destroyed the age-long way of life in the auls (Kazakh ethnic villages) and millenarian principles of the nomad civilization on our Earth. All that caused the sufferings to the millions of people. The famine and its horrible consequences became a major humanitarian catastrophe of the Soviet period,” he noted. According to the President, over 1.5 million Kazakhstan citizens died of famine and over 600 thousand Kazakhs left their Motherland trying to escape the famine and repressions.
“Dear Kazakhstan citizens! We have to be very wise in understanding the history and preventing politicization of this subject. A cruel policy of the Soviet regime was the reason behind the famine, deportation and mass deaths. Inhuman totalitarian system is to be blamed for repressions,” the President said. He also noted that all the deported people gained new life in Kazakhstan, thanks to the hospitality of the Kazakhstan people.
Nursultan Nazarbayev came up with the idea of the memorial. Oral Alibayev is the author of the architectural concept of the Wall of Grief and the monument’s concept was developed by sculptor Valery Pirozhkov.
“I came up with the concept straight away. I thought that such celestial powers are only given to a woman and only a woman can stop the tragedy. I pictured my idea through the image of a mother and a child. I wanted to show both the tragedy and the revival of the people. I think that this is the most tragic event, as it was not caused by any aggression, but by the country’s own policy. That’s why I consider it most tragic,” Valery Pirozhkov said.
By Nazymgul Kumyspayeva