Abdykalikova concerned over disproportion of men and women in Kazakhstan 15 ноября 2012, 13:56
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Gulshara Abdykalikova. Photo by Yaroslav Radlovskiy©
Chairman of Kazakhstan President's National Commission on Women and Population Policy Gulshara Abdykalikova talked about unbalanced demographic development of the country, Tengrinews.kz reports.
“The country's demographic development is unbalanced. First of all, the population is decreasing in some regions because of low birth rate and population outflow. Secondly, there is a big difference in life expectancy of men and women: Kazakhstan is ranked 5th in the world after Belarus, Russia and Lithuania. Thirdly, there is a disproportion of population in terms of gender. We have an quite evident disproportion starting from the age of 21. While there are more boys born than girls, there are less men after the age of 21. Abortions and pregnancy among underaged are at high level and there is a low awareness of different diseases,” she said at the seminar on Kazakhstan legislation on protection of reproductive health and reproductive rights of Kazakhstan citizens.
“There is a balance of men and women before the age of 21. Then there are accidents, hard work, alcohol abuse and smoking: that’s why the ratio of men is decreasing after 21,” Abdykalikova said and noted that, however, there are more boys born in Kazakhstan than girls.
Meanwhile, according to Abdykalikova, the number of newborns increased 1.6-fold in the last 10 years and made 373 thousand last year. The life expectancy increased by 3 years and the gap between life expectancy of men and women decreased by 1.3 years.
Chairman of the Commission on Social-Cultural Development of Majilis Dariga Nazarbayev gave other statistics information.
“We have just been talking at the unofficial dinner today that there are around 3 dependents per 1 working person in Kazakhstan, i.e. the issue is not only about the life quality, but about the economic wellbeing of our citizens,” Nazarbayeva said.
The seminar was also attended by deputy Secretary General of the UN and Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin.
By Renat Tashkinbayev