Oil prices and currency rates approach alarming levels for Kazakhstan
The current situation on the oil market is critical for many countries exporting crude, including Kazakhstan, Tengrinews correspondent cites Anna Kokoreva, a financial analyst from Alpari.
Saudi Arabia declared that it was not intending on cutting its oil production. Kuwait and Iran also made it clear they were going to keep the current production rate. In the meanwhile, the United States have sharply increased their output thanks to the shale boom, making the country a global oil production leader. All these contribution to the oil prices avalanche.
Kokoreva said that each country had its own critical point in term of oil prices, but most of the countries planned their budgets with the corridor of $80 to $90 per barrel in mind.
The existing trends might force the National Bank of Kazakhstan to depreciate the tenge against the dollar by about 2-3%, Kokoreva said.
Kazakhstan is keeping its tenge exchange rate in managed float - pegged to the corridor of 185 tenge per dollar +3/-15 tenge. 3% equals to 5.5 tenge. With the exchange rate currently at 183.5 tenge per dollar, Kokoreva is not talking about any immediate changes in the corridor or a new massive devaluation of the tenge in Kazakhstan. However, she obviously does not preclude the possibility in a longer run.
According to the Russian expert, there is no point for Kazakhstan in supporting the tenge exchange rate amid the plunging oil prices, strengthening of the dollar and weakening of the Russian ruble - Russia is Kazakhstan's main trade partner, and oil traded in dollars is Kazakhstan's main exported commodity fuelling its economy.
If the situation persists, it might become necessity to compensate for losses and state budget deficit to balance the economy, she said, adding that Kazakhstani producers using imported raw materials would be the first to suffer the currency exchange blow.
"Amid the persisting bear trend at the oil market, the government of Kazakhstan may have to cut its budget spending," the analyst said.
Last month, the Governor of the National Bank of Kazakhstan Kairat Kelimbetov said that “the oil price of $90 per barrel would be the signal to make a new decision on the fate of the tenge” and that “the price of $80 would affect the country’s balance of payments”.
Kelimbetov admitted that Kazakhstan citizens would have a good reason to worry about a new devaluation should the oil price drop to $80 per barrel and the exchange rate of the Russian ruble hit the low of 43 rubles per $1.
The Russian ruble exchange rate is already at 40.8 per $1 in spite of Russia's heavy monetary interventions of the recent weeks. This is too close to the benchmark indicated by Governor Kelimbetov to spell anything good for Kazakhstan.
In today's downslide of oil prices, Brent crude futures (LCOc1) fell to a new four-year low of $83.95 per barrel and U.S. crude oil (CLc1) fell to $80.60 per barrel, virtually hitting the $80 alarm button set by Governor Kelimbetov.
Oil prices going this low are inspiring fears of inflation all over the world, not just in Kazakhstan.
Writing by Tatyana Kuzmina and Dinara Urazova (Additional reporting by Azhar Ashirova)