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US, Russia break deadlock on Syria chemical arms

27 september 2013, 12:32
0
©AFP
©AFP
The United States and Russia agreed a draft UN Security Council resolution Thursday on destroying Syria's chemical weapons, breaking a prolonged deadlock over the country's bitter conflict, AFP reports.

After the 15-member council held its first talks on the text, diplomats said a vote would be held Friday with foreign ministers from the major powers taking part.

If agreed, the resolution would be the first passed by the panel on Syria since the civil war -- which the UN says has killed more than 100,000 people -- started in March 2011.

"I don't think it is the time for high fives or back slapping or anything," said the US ambassador to the United Nations, Samantha Power.

But "we have before us a very significant breakthrough in terms of the Security Council acting finally, potentially, in a united fashion in order to impose binding legal obligations on the Syrian regime for the first time."

The council has barely been able to discuss Syria since fighting broke out there. Russia, which backs President Bashar al-Assad, has vetoed three Western-drafted resolutions seeking to increase pressure on him.

Moscow has completely rejected any suggestion of military force or sanctions against Assad.

The new draft US-Russian resolution, seen by AFP, does not propose immediate measures over a chemical attack in a Damascus suburb a month ago that Power said had been "the catalyst" for the new unity. But it allows for possible sanctions -- after a new vote -- if there are breaches of a disarmament plan.

The text says the council "decides in event of non-compliance with this resolution, including unauthorized transfer of chemical weapons or any use of chemical weapons by anyone in the Syrian Arab Republic, to impose measures under Chapter VII of the UN Charter."

It says the council can consider measures if the world chemical weapons watchdog or UN leader Ban Ki-moon report a breach of a Russia-US disarmament plan.

Chapter VII can allow sanctions or military force. But there would have to be a new vote and diplomats predicted tough talks to persuade Russia not to use its veto again.

Any action would be "proportionate to the gravity of the violation," Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov was quoted as saying by the Interfax news agency.

European nations had also wanted the resolution to refer the Syrian conflict to the International Criminal Court.

But the draft says only that the council "expresses strong conviction that those individuals responsible for the use of chemical weapons in Syria should be held accountable."

French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius still called the proposed resolution "a step forward" and added "we are satisfied."

The resolution accord was announced after new talks between Lavrov and US Secretary of State John Kerry.

Lavrov told reporters "an understanding" with the United States on a draft UN resolution and a joint disarmament plan to be approved by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).

Kerry, meanwhile, said the international community "can now move forward and give life hopefully to the removal and destruction of chemical weapons from Syria."

If the OPCW executive council, based in The Hague, approves the disarmament plan Friday then a Security Council vote would be held later in the day.


-- US THREAT FORCED BREAKTHROUGH AT UN --


Lavrov and Kerry agreed a plan to put Syrian chemical arms under international control after the United States threatened a military strike against Syria over an August 21 chemical weapons attack on the outskirts of Damascus.

The two will hold more Syria talks Friday when they meet Ban and the foreign ministers from Britain, France and China for talks on a possible Syria peace conference in Geneva.

Growing divisions within the Syrian opposition have dented hopes of holding the conference. And there are increasing concerns that what started as peaceful protests is becoming an increasingly sectarian and extreme conflict.

Fighters from the Al-Qaeda-linked Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant set fire to statues and crosses inside two churches in the northern city of Raqa. They also destroyed a cross on a church clock tower, replacing it with their flag, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

The United Nations, meanwhile, has major security concerns about a team of UN experts that resumed the hunt for evidence of other chemical weapon attacks on Thursday.

The team, led by Swedish expert Ake Sellstrom, has been given allegations of up to 14 attacks.

"This will be a very quick mission; they will only be in Syria a few days," a UN official said, without disclosing their movements for security reasons.

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