Nazarbayev speaks about importance of UN, international treaties19 february 2015, 03:18
President of Kazakhstan has shared his view on how to save the world from the threat of a global military conflict, Tengrinews reports. He made the speech at the annual meeting with heads of foreign diplomatic missions and representatives of international organizations accredited in Kazakhstan on February 17.
According to the Kazakh president, an important role should be played by the United Nations (UN).
"The crisis of confidence in international relations not only weakens the ability of all countries to confront today's challenges, but also makes the threat of a global military conflict real. Everyone has already felt that we are close to this terrible situation. In the face of emerging conflict hotbeds on the planet, it is vital to strengthening the system of international security," Nazarbayev said.
Nazarbayev noted that restoring confidence and making the world more stable required reaffirming the basic principles of the international law.
"To restore confidence and build a more stable world order it is necessary to reaffirm the fundamental principles of the international law. Under the current circumstances, it is very important that every country without exception adheres to its obligations under international agreements and treaties. Kazakhstan stands for confirmation of principles of equality, mutual consideration of each other’s interests, collective endeavors to solve major problems based on the international law and the central role of the United Nations,” he said.
He reminded that this year marked the 70th anniversary of UN, and, in light of the challenges of the 21st century, he said that all the countries needed to work towards establishing its role as the only universal organization designed to address issues of war and peace, sustainable world order and global development.
According to Nazarbayev, the nuclear threat is still one of the most serious problems of our time. He reiterated the relevance of Kazakhstan's initiative to develop a new universal treaty on global horizontal and vertical non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.
"I have put forward an idea of a universal declaration of the nuclear-free world, which would enshrine the commitment of all the countries to move towards the ideals of a world without nuclear weapons. It is clear that this is not a simple question, and its resolution will be inhibited by many states, but moving in this direction is still necessary if we want to save the civilization and our planet," Nazarbayev declared.
He urged the United Nations to apply leverages so that countries honour the existing contracts.
"There is an international treaty NPT. However, in spite of this, we know the states that have crossed that barrier and become owners [of nuclear weapons], and the world just took it and did nothing to force such states to comply with the international agreements. But when it came to Iran – the approach was different. Such discrepancies, of course, do not prove the authority and credibility of the Treaty. The UN should have leverages and the power to make states comply with treaties," the President said.
The President noted that the stereotypes of bloc thinking and archaic division of the world into spheres of influence had to go down into the past.
He also reminded that the international community was celebrating the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II this year, the 40th anniversary of the Helsinki Final Act and the 25th anniversary of the Charter of Paris for a New Europe. These anniversaries, in his opinion, should be a cause for a deep reflection and frank conversation about the situation in the contemporary international security.
The Kazakh President said that in 2015 Kazakhstan would continue the policy of active broadening and deepening of its international relations. "Our priorities have not unchanged and have been reflected in the adopted concept of foreign policy of our country," he said.
Reporting by Renat Tashkinbayev, writing by Dinara Urazova