Kazakhstan to eliminate discrimation against disabled persons20 march 2015, 15:50
The Senate of Kazakhstan has approved a bill on ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Tengrinews reports.
As indicated in the report of the Senate Committee for Socio-Cultural Development and Studies, the purpose of the bill is to promote, protect and ensure full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by people with disabilities in Kazakhstan.
"The Convention aims to eliminate discrimination against persons with disabilities, ensure their right to work, healthcare, education and full participation in the society, access to justice, personal integrity, freedom from exploitation and abuse, freedom of movement, personal mobility," the committee's report said.
Special attention in the document is paid to the rights of women and children with disabilities as they are the groups that are most vulnerable and in need of social support.
The main objectives of the bill approved in the Senate are "ensuring the availability of facilities and services in priority spheres of life of persons with disabilities and other people with limited mobility, enhancing mechanism of provision of services in the field of rehabilitation, and creating equal opportunities for people with disabilities for living in and integration into the society."
Parties to the UN Convention are supported to take all the appropriate measures to establish effective legal mechanisms ensuring the rights of persons with disabilities, including legislative ones, to guarantee an adequate standard of living of people with disabilities, their participation in political, social and cultural life of the country.
Adopted by the UN General Assembly in December 2006, the Convention came into force on May 3, 2008. It has 151 parties, including the European Union. In the post soviet space Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine have ratified the Convention.
The treaty has served to reshape the view of persons with disabilities from objects of charity towards equal members of the society with full human rights.
According to the Ministry of Health and Social Development of Kazakhstan, the ratification of the Convention "will provide 627,000 disabled persons living in Kazakhstan and their families additional guarantees of enjoyment and protection of their constitutional rights and freedoms."
During the plenary session of the upper chamber the head of the Health Ministry Tamara Duisenova also reminded that according to Article 14 of the Constitution of Kazakhstan, "no one shall be subject to any discrimination for reasons of origin, social, property status, occupation, sex, race, nationality, language, attitude towards religion, convictions, place of residence or any other circumstances."
She said that Kazakhstan had adopted a law protecting the rights of persons with disabilities, and various state agencies “work to prevent discrimination and to ensure realization of the rights of persons with disabilities."
"Also a lot of efforts are attached to ensure the rights and improve the quality of life of persons with disabilities. In addition, the Government of Kazakhstan adopted a plan which provides for a phased implementation of measures to ensure the rights and improve the quality of life of people with disabilities," Duisenova said.
The Kazakh Minister also informed that the Mazhilis, the lower chamber of Kazakhstan's Parliament, was considering draft amendments to the law on the protection of the rights of persons with disabilities.
Reporting by Renat Tashkinbyaev, writing by Dinara Urazova