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Leaders who stepped down amid popular protests

25 august 2011, 12:02
0

 

Below is a list of leaders around the world who stepped down under popular pressure since 2000:

 

January 2000: ECUADOR - President Jamil Mahuad is overthrown following a wave of demonstrations against his economic policy.

Deposed Ecuadorean President Jamil Mahuad is consoled by supporters.©REUTERS
Deposed Ecuadorean President Jamil Mahuad is consoled by supporters.©REUTERS

October 2000: FORMER YUGOSLAVIA - Serbian strongman Slobodan Milosevic steps down after mass demonstrations in Belgrade against election fraud. He is later transferred to the UN war crimes court in The Hague, where he dies before being judged.

Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is escorted into the courtroom by a United Nations security officer. ©REUTERS/Jerry Lampen

Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is escorted into the courtroom by a United Nations security officer. ©REUTERS/Jerry Lampen

January 2001: THE PHILIPPINES - President Joseph Estrada is ousted by a military-backed popular revolt 30 months into his six-year term over accusations of widespread corruption.

Philippine former President Joseph

Philippine former President Joseph "Erap" Estrada. ©REUTERS/Romeo Ranoco

December 2001: ARGENTINA - President Fernando De la Rua flees the presidential palace by helicopter in the wake of a brutal crackdown by police on protests and riots over austerity measures that left some 27 people dead.

Former Argentine President Fernando de la Rua. ©REUTERS
Former Argentine President Fernando de la Rua. ©REUTERS

October 2003: BOLIVIA - President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada quits and leaves the palace in a helicopter bound for the United States amid riots in which 65 people die.

He is succeeded by his vice president, Carlos Mesa, who himself resigns in June 2005 after weeks of protests.

Bolivian President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (R) and Vice President Carlos Mesa (L). ©REUTERS/Mariana Bazo
Bolivian President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (R) and Vice President Carlos Mesa (L). ©REUTERS/Mariana Bazo

November 2003: GEORGIA - President Eduard Shevardnadze, who dominated Georgia's political life for 30 years, resigns after weeks of street protests known as the Rose Revolution, led by Mikheil Saakashvili, denouncing parliamentary elections won by Shevardnadze's allies.

Former Soviet foreign minister and former Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze. ©REUTERS/David Mdzinarishvili
Former Soviet foreign minister and former Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze. ©REUTERS/David Mdzinarishvili

February 2004: HAITI - President Jean-Bertrand Aristide is forced to quit and flee the country after pressure from the street and the international community, finally taking up exile in South Africa. Around 100 people are killed in the four-week uprising.

Haiti's former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide. ©REUTERS/Kena Betancur
Haiti's former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide. ©REUTERS/Kena Betancur

November/December 2004: UKRAINE - Hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians go into the streets of Kiev to protest a fraud-tainted presidential election won by pro-Russian Viktor Yanukovych. A re-run election, following the so-called Orange Revolution, results in the victory of opposition candidate, the pro-Western Viktor Yushchenko.

Viktor Yanukovych. ©REUTERS/Ints Kalnins
Viktor Yanukovych. ©REUTERS/Ints Kalnins

March 2005: KYRGYZSTAN - The regime of President Askar Akayev collapses within several hours under pressure from thousands of demonstrators against the results of legislative elections and corruption. He is given exile in Russia.

Former Krygyz President Askar Akayev. ©REUTERS/Denis Sinyakov

Former Krygyz President Askar Akayev. ©REUTERS/Denis Sinyakov

April 2010: KYRGYZSTAN - Akayev's successor President Kurmanbek Bakiyev flees to Belarus afterdays of bloody street riots that oust his government and left 87 people dead.

Former Kyrgyz president Kurmanbek Bakiyev. ©REUTERS
Former Kyrgyz president Kurmanbek Bakiyev. ©REUTERS

January 2011: TUNISIA - President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali, who ruled the country since 1987, quits and flees to Saudi Arabia after deadly protests which cost more than 200 lives. The revolt is known as the Jasmine Revolution.

Former Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. ©REUTERS/Jacky Naegelen

Former Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. ©REUTERS/Jacky Naegelen

February 2011: EGYPT - President Hosni Mubarak resigns after three-decades of autocratic rule following a popular uprising in which 846 people are killed. He is on trial for corruption and ordering security forces to fire on demonstrators.

A supporter of Egypt's former president Hosni Mubarak. ©REUTERS/Amr Dalsh

A supporter of Egypt's former president Hosni Mubarak. ©REUTERS/Amr Dalsh

 

By AFP


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