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Six months of conflict in Libya

19 august 2011, 16:47
0

Key events in the Libya conflict, six months after it began:

- February 15-19: Inspired by revolts in other Arab countries, including neighbouring Tunisia and Egypt, a rebellion breaks out including in Benghazi, Libya's second city.

- March 19: With troops loyal to Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi threatening rebel-held Benghazi, French, US and British forces launch UN-mandated air attacks and push them back.

- March 30: Libyan foreign minister Mussa Kussa defects. Dozens of political and military figures follow suit.

Lybia's ex-foreign minister Mussa Kussa. ©AFP
Lybia's ex-foreign minister Mussa Kussa. ©AFP

- March 31: The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation takes over formal command of the military operation.

- April 20: France and Italy join Britain in sending military advisers to assist the rebels.

- May 1: Kadhafi escapes a NATO air strike, which the regime says kills his youngest son, Seif al-Arab, and three grandchildren.

- June 1: NATO says the operation, originally due to wind up at the end of June, will continue until the end of September.

Libyan rebels fighters walk past their armored pick-up trucks on the oustskirts of Brega. ©AFP
Libyan rebels fighters walk past their armored pick-up trucks on the oustskirts of Brega. ©AFP

- June 9: An International Contact Group on Libya meets in Abu Dhabi, and finalises a fund aimed at helping the rebels.

- June 20-21: Kadhafi's regime says 24 civilians have been killed in NATO air strikes.

- June 27: The International Criminal Court (ICC) issues an arrest warrant for Kadhafi for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

- June 29: France says it has air-dropped weapons to rebel forces.

- July 14: The rebels consolidate their positions in the west, and begin an offensive on the oil town of Brega. NATO dismisses accusations that its attacks have killed more than 1,100 civilians.

A Libyan rebel rests as he takes cover from mortar shelling in an unfinished mosque on the outskirts of Sabratha. ©AFP
A Libyan rebel rests as he takes cover from mortar shelling in an unfinished mosque on the outskirts of Sabratha. ©AFP

- July 15: In Istanbul, the Contact Group designates the rebels as Libya's legitimate rulers, paving the way for the release of frozen Kadhafi regime assets.

- July 25: NATO says it supported rebels by hitting a military facility, armoured vehicles, tanks and light military vehicles around Brega.

- July 28: Rebel military chief General Abdel Fatah Yunis is assassinated as insurgent fighters pound forces loyal to Kadhafi in the west.

- August 5: The regime denies the death of Kadhafi's son Khamis in a NATO raid, as announced by rebels.

- August 6: The western town of Bir al-Ghanam falls to the rebels.

- August 8: Rebel leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil sacks the entire executive office of his government.

- August 9: Libyan authorities accuse NATO of a "massacre" of 85 villagers in air strikes south of Zliten in western Libya. NATO insists it has no evidence of the civilian deaths.

- August 10: EU widens sanctions against the regime.

- August 15: Rebels say they have seized "most" of Zawiyah, the final hurdle on the road to Tripoli as Kadhafi calls the insurgents "rats" and predicts their demise.

Libyan rebels celebrate as they man a check point at the entrance of the residential area of Brega, on August 15, 2011. ©AFP
Libyan rebels celebrate as they man a check point at the entrance of the residential area of Brega, on August 15, 2011. ©AFP

The UN chief's special envoy visits Tunis for talks on Libya's future.

Kadhafi's deputy interior minister flies out to Cairo.

A Libyan rebel walks on top of a picture of Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi. ©AFP
A Libyan rebel walks on top of a picture of Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi. ©AFP


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