Fighting Al-Qaeda17 августа 2011, 12:41
In the run-up to the 10th anniversary of the September, 2001 attacks on the United States, here is a timeline of the fight against the Al-Qaeda terror network.
This September 11, 2001 file photo shows a hijacked commercial plane approaching the World Trade Center in New York city. ©AFP
- September 17: US president George W. Bush calls for Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden to be taken "dead or alive." Bin Laden has been based in Afghanistan since 1996.
- September 18: The US Congress authorizes Bush to use force against countries, organizations and individuals involved in the attacks.
- September 28: The United Nations unanimously adopts Resolution 1373 against "terrorists" and the states that harbor them.
- October 7: US and British forces pound Afghanistan's Taliban regime, opening a military front in their war on terrorism. The Taliban is quickly overthrown.
- October 26: Bush signs into law a sweeping anti-terrorism bill -- dubbed the Patriot Act -- dramatically expanding police and surveillance powers to "counter a threat like no other our nation has faced." Renewed in May, 2011 for four years.
US President George W. Bush. ©AFP
- November 13: Bush signs an order that would allow for non-US suspected terrorists to be tried before a special military panel instead of in civilian courts.
- January 11, 2002: The United States flies a first batch of prisoners captured in the Afghan war into a high-security naval base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba.
- March 28: Palestinian Abu Zubeida, Bin Laden's right-hand man, is arrested in Pakistan.
- November 3: Al-Qaeda's key operative in Yemen, Ali Qaed Senyan Al-Harthi is killed in a CIA drone strike in the country.
- March 1, 2003: Al-Qaeda number three and suspected mastermind of the September 11 attacks, Khaled Sheikh Mohammed, is arrested in Pakistan.
- September 10: Bin Laden and top aide Ayman al-Zawahiri appear in taped footage that shows the pair in an "undetermined mountain area."
- March 19, 2004: Bin Laden and Al-Zawahiri are safe and in Afghanistan, not neighboring Pakistan where an intense manhunt is under way, a Taliban spokesman says.
Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. ©AFP
- May 2, 2005: Libyan Abu Faraj al-Libbi, Al-Qaeda's number three and the head of the network in Pakistan, is arrested in the northwest of the country.
- August 11: A Jordanian of Palestinian origin, Abu Qatada, presented as Al-Qaeda's "ambassador" in Europe, is arrested in Britain for the second time.
- June 7, 2006: The head of the Iraqi section of Al-Qaeda, Jordanian Abu Mussab al-Zarkawi, is killed in an air raid during a US-Iraqi operation to the north of Baghdad.
- January 29, 2008: An Al-Qaeda commander in Afghanistan, Abu Laith al-Libi, is killed by a US missile in northwest Pakistan.
- August: The US steps up its drone campaign against Al-Qaeda militants and Pakistani insurgents in Afghanistan's tribal zones.
- January 20, 2009: US President Barack Obama comes to power. He orders an intensification of drone strikes, considerably weakening Al-Qaeda.
US President Barack Obama. ©AFP
- August 5: Taliban warlord Baitullah Mehsud is killed in a US missile attack on his South Waziristan tribal stronghold.
- June 1, 2010: Al-Qaeda says Mustafa Abu al-Yazid, its number three leader and chief of operations in Afghanistan, has been killed.
Al Qaeda leader in Afghanistan Mustafa abu al-Yazid. ©Reuters
- May 1, 2011: Obama announces that US forces killed bin Laden and recovered his body during a commando operation at Abbottabad, a city just north of Islamabad.