Key events in 201430 декабря 2014, 00:30
Here is a panorama of world events in 2014:
- 18: UKRAINE: Security forces crack down on pro-European protestors in Kiev's central Independence Square, or Maidan. More than 100 people die.
On May 25 a pro-Western billionaire, Petro Poroshenko, is elected president.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko. ©AFP
- 8: MALAYSIA: Malaysia Airlines flight MH370, flying from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing with 239 people aboard, disappears. College students light up candles as they pray for passengers of the missing Malaysia Airlines MH370 plane. ©REUTERS
- 16: UKRAINE: The Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea votes to join Russia. Days later Russia annexes the region.
In April, a separatist insurrection erupts in eastern Ukraine. Since then more than 4,700 people have been killed, according to UN figures, and peace efforts have stalled.
- 14: NIGERIA: Two hundred and seventy-six schoolgirls are kidnapped by the Islamist group Boko Haram in the northeast. Two hundred and nineteen remain missing.
- 16: SOUTH KOREA: The Sewol ferry sinks, carrying 476 people. Of the 304 killed, 250 are students from the same high school.
- 27: THE VATICAN: In a first for the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis proclaims ex-popes John Paul II and John XXIII the faith's newest saints. Pope Francis. ©AFP
- 24: BELGIUM: A gunman kills four people at the Brussels Jewish Museum. Police arrest Frenchman Mehdi Nemmouche, 29, on May 30 in connection with the crime.
- 26-28: EGYPT: Ex-army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is elected president, 11 months after the military's overthrow of Mohamed Morsi.
- 19: SPAIN: King Felipe VI, 46, succeeds his father Juan Carlos, who abdicated after a 38-year-reign. Spanish King Felipe VI. ©AFP
- 29: IRAQ-SYRIA: Sunni Arab militants from the newly-named Islamic State declare an "Islamic caliphate" in parts of Iraq and Syria.
In August, US-led airstrikes begin targeting IS positions and the militants behead five Westerners.
- 8: ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS: Israel launches Operation Protective Edge on the Gaza Strip. Seven weeks of clashes and bombing kill nearly 2,200 Palestinians and more than 70 Israelis.
- 15: EUROPEAN UNION: Jean-Claude Juncker is named head of the EU's executive Commission. European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker. ©Reuters
- 17: MALAYSIA-UKRAINE: Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 flying from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur is shot down over eastern Ukraine, killing 298 people.
- 8: WEST AFRICA: The World Health Organization declares a west Africa epidemic of the haemorrhagic fever Ebola a "public health emergency of international concern". By late December more than 7,500 people die from the virus, WHO says.
- 9: US: Violent protests erupt in Ferguson, Missouri, after a white police officer kills an unarmed black teenager. Fresh violence explodes in late November after a grand jury declines to charge the policeman with wrongdoing.
- 18: BRITAIN: Scottish voters reject independence by 55.3 percent.
- 26: MEXICO: A presumed massacre of 43 students by a drug gang allied with police in the southern state of Guerrero sparks a political crisis.
- 28: HONG KONG: The start of more than two months of pro-democracy protests seeking free elections for the semi-autonomous Chinese city by 2017. Police tear down their campsites on December 15.
- 29: AFGHANISTAN: Ashraf Ghani is sworn in as new president after three months of political crisis.Afghan President Ashraf Ghani. ©AFP
- 10: NOBEL: Pakistani Malala Yousafzai, 17, becomes the youngest winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, sharing the award with Indian Kailash Satyarthi, 60, for championing children's rights. Nobel Peace Prize laureate Malala Yousafzai delivers a speech during the Nobel Peace Prize awards ceremony. ©Reuters
- 21: SOUTH AFRICA: Amputee sprinting star Oscar Pistorius is sentenced to five years in prison for killing his model girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp in 2013.
- 22: CANADA: A gunman kills a soldier and attempts to storm the parliament in Ottawa before being shot by the body's sergeant-at-arms.
- 31: BURKINA FASO: Blaise Compaore is ousted after 27 years in power when he tries to amend the constitution to stay in office.
- 12: SPACE: European spacecraft Philae makes world's first landing on a comet, which is more than 510 million kilometres (320 million miles) from Earth.Paolo Ferri (R) Head of Rosetta Mission Operations, seen on a video projection behind a model of the Philae lander, reacts after the successful landing of the lander on comet 67P/ Churyumov-Gerasimenko, at the European Space Agency's (ESA) headquarters. ©Reuters
- 23: TUNISIA: Tunisians vote in their first presidential election since the 2011 revolution that sparked the Arab Spring.
Beji Caid Essebsi, 88, wins the second-round vote on December 21.
- 1: Opening in Lima of the UN's 20th conference on climate change, after China, the United States and Europe accept a general framework agreement.
- 15: An Iranian-born Islamist takes 17 people hostage in a Sydney cafe. Three people are left dead, including the hostage taker, and six are wounded after police storm the business.A hostage runs towards a police officer outside Lindt cafe, where other hostages are being held, in Martin Place in central Sydney. ©Reuters
- 16: Gunmen assault a school run by the army in Peshawar, northwestern Pakistan, leaving 150 people dead, including 134 school children. Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) claims responsibility for the attack.
On December 17, Pakistan announces it will end its moratorium on the death penalty in terror-related cases.
- 17: Cuba and the United States announce improved economic ties and the re-establishment of diplomatic relations after a freeze of more than 50 years.
- 17: Colombian Marxist guerilla group FARC declares a unilateral ceasefire in its fight against the government.
- 17: Sony Pictures abruptly cancels the release of "The Interview," a comedy about a fictional plot to kill leader Kim Jong-Un that outraged North Korea and triggered threats from hackers.
On December 24 the company does a U-turn and decides to show the film in some US cinemas on Christmas Day.
- 28: Malaysian-based AirAsia says flight QZ8501 carrying 162 people has gone missing en route from Indonesia to Singapore after the crew requested a change of flight plan due to stormy weather.Indonesian Air Force personnel fly a C-130 Hercules aircraft over the Java Sea during search and rescue operations for missing AirAsia flight QZ8501 on December 29. ©AFP