Key events of 201331 december 2013, 12:07
Key events in the year just ending:
- 11: MALI: President Francois Hollande sends French forces to Mali to support that country's army and rout Islamists who are pushing south towards the capital Bamako.
French President Francois Hollande speaks with soldiers of the 126 RI (Infantry Regiment) who are due to leave for Mali, during a meeting in Tulle, central France, January 19, 2013. ©Reuters/Philippe Wojazer
- 16: ALGERIA: Islamists take hundreds of Algerian and foreign workers hostage at a gas site in Algeria's remote southeastern desert. On the 19th, Algerian special forces storm the gas complex.
Thirty-seven foreign hostages die in the siege and rescue operation.
- 17: US cyclist Lance Armstrong, reversing years of denials, admits his seven Tour de France titles were fueled by an array of drugs.
- 13: VATICAN - Jorge Mario Bergoglio, an Argentinian Jesuit, becomes the first pope from Latin America, choosing the name of Francis. His election follows the resignation of pope Benedict XVI, the first papal resignation in modern times.
Newly elected Pope Francis I, Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina appears on the balcony of St. Peter's Basilica after being elected by the conclave of cardinals, in a photograph released by Osservatore Romano at the Vatican, March 13, 2013. ©Reuters/Osservatore Romano
- 14: Chinese lawmakers name Xi Jinping as president four months after he takes charge of the Communist Party.
- 15: UNITED STATES: Two blasts near the finish line of the Boston Marathon kill three people and wound more than 100. They are believed to have been the work of two brothers of Chechen origin, Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev.
Tamerlan dies later in a shootout with police, Dzhokhar is arrested.
Runners continue to run towards the finish line of the Boston Marathon as an explosion erupts near the finish line of the race in this photo exclusively licensed to Reuters by photographer Dan Lampariello after he took the photo in Boston, Massachusetts, April 15, 2013. ©Reuters/Dan Lampariello
- 24: BANGLADESH: The collapse of the Rana Plaza garment factory complex in the Dhaka suburbs kills 1,129 people and injures thousands. The disaster focuses attention on conditions in the industry.
- 15: IRAN - With 50.68 percent of the vote, moderate cleric Hassan Rouhani is elected president of Iran, ending eight years in power by hardliner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad marked by strong tensions with the West.
- 23: RUSSIA - Rogue US intelligence technician Edward Snowden, who leaked information on spying by the United States, arrives in Moscow from Hong Kong, and is given temporary asylum despite a US arrest warrant after being confined to the airport for weeks.
Edward Snowden. ©AFP
- 3: EGYPT - The army ousts Islamist president Mohamed Morsi, Egypt's first democratically-elected president, amid a wave of mass protests. A political crisis ensues, marked on August 14 by an assault on Morsi supporters in which several hundred are killed.
- 22: BRITAIN - Prince William's wife Kate gives birth to a baby boy, providing the world's most famous royal family with a future king, George.
Prince William and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge show their new-born baby boy. ©AFP
- 24: SPAIN - An eight-carriage high-speed train flies off the tracks near the northwestern city of Santiago de Compostela, killing 79 people.
- 21: SYRIA - 30 months into a civil war which has killed 120,000 people, Syrian troops are accused of chemical weapons strikes around the capital. On September 14 the United States and Russia agree on a plan to eliminate Syria's chemical weapons, averting the threat of a US military strike.
©AFP PHOTO / SANA
- 21 KENYA - A four-day siege of the Nairobi Westgate shopping mall by Somalian Al-Qaeda-linked militants leaves at least 67 people dead and around 20 missing.
Shoppers at Nakumatt supermarket run for safety after hearing shooting by gunmen entering the Westgate shopping mall in this still frame taken from video footage by security cameras inside the mall in Nairobi and released to Reuters on October 17, 2013. ©Reuters
- 1: UNITED STATES - The US government shuts down for the first time in 17 years and 800,000 federal workers stay home amid a budget impasse in the US Congress. The shut-down lasts 16 days.
- 3: ITALY - 366 African asylum seekers die off the Italian island of Lampedusa in a migrant boat disaster as they seek to reach Europe.
The bodies of migrants lying on the beach. ©AFP PHOTO / VIDEO MEDITERRANEO
- 12: PHILIPPINES - Super Typhoon Haiyan -- one of the strongest storms on record -- sweeps through the Philippines' central islands, leaving more than 5,200 dead, and 1,600 missing.
A cargo ship swept ashore at the height of Super Typhoon Haiyan still rest amongst debris and destroyed houses weeks after the storm in the coastal city of Tacloban, Leyte province, on December 24, 2013, on the eve of Christmas. ©AFP
- 24: SWITZERLAND - World powers reach what is hailed as an historic agreement with Iran to limit its controversial nuclear programme.
- 27: ITALY - Former Italian premier Silvio Berlusconi is stripped of his mandate as senator after being sentenced to a one-year prison term for tax fraud.
- 05: SOUTH AFRICA - Nelson Mandela, icon of the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa and a towering political figure of the 20th century, dies in Johannesburg at the age of 95.
India Harris, age eight, and her sister Kitty, five, stand in front of a Nelson Mandela wall mural shortly after laying bouquets of flowers for the late former South African president in Cape Town December 7, 2013. ©Reuters/Mark Wessels
- 09: UKRAINE - More than 100,000 pro-European demonstrators press demands that President Viktor Yanukovych resign after he refused to sign an association agreement with the European Union.
It is the biggest mobilisation since the Orange Revolution in 2004, and the situation grew tense as Yanukovych sent troops and riot police into central Kiev.
Protesters hold rotated pictures of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych and signed "Upside down " (in Ukrainian the word has as well another meaning: overturn and revolution) during the protest action at the Internal Affairs Ministry in Kiev on December 26, 2013, against beating of Tetyana Chornovol, popular Ukrainian journalist and opposition activist. ©AFP
- 09: THAILAND: Premier Yingluck Shinawatra calls a snap election to try to defuse the kingdom's political crisis, but protesters vow to keep up their "people's revolution" which started in late October after a bill was drafted to allow his Shinawatra's brother Thaksin to return from exile.