Key dates in the political life of Hugo Chavez06 march 2013, 19:13
The following is a chronology of events in the political career of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, who died Tuesday at the age of 58:
-- February 4, 1992: Chavez, then a 37-year-old paratrooper lieutenant colonel, leads a failed coup. He is jailed for two years.
-- December 6, 1998: Chavez is elected president with 56 percent of the vote. He takes office in February 1999.
Former Venezuelan coup leader Hugo Chavez Frias shakes hands with a supporter during a political rally in a poor residential area of Caracas January 31, 1998. ©REUTERS
-- July 30, 2000: Chavez is re-elected with 56.9 percent of the vote, seven months after a constitutional reform that extended presidential terms from five years to six.
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (L) and his wife Marisabel wave to supporters from the balcony of the presidential palace while celebrating the first official results that showed Chavez with a clear victory over rival [Francisco Arias] in general elections held July 30, 2000. ©REUTERS
-- April 11, 2002: Huge protest organized by business leaders and the biggest workers' union demanding Chavez's resignation. After clashes leave 19 people dead, the military ousts Chavez and jails him in a base on an island.
-- April 12, 2002: Pedro Carmona, president of the Venezuelan chamber of commerce, heads an interim government, throws out the constitution and dissolves the legislature. Elections are called for the following year.
-- April 13, 2002: Chavez supporters hold protests and loyal soldiers restore him to power 47 hours after his ouster.
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (C) salutes on arrival at the Miraflores palace April 14, 2002. ©REUTERS
-- December 2, 2002: The oil giant PDVSA begins a strike aimed at forcing Chavez out but the attempt ends in failure and huge financial losses two months later.
-- August 15, 2004: Chavez defeats attempts to force him from office in a recall referendum, getting 59 percent support.
-- December 4, 2005: The opposition boycotts legislative elections, handing Chavez loyalists all seats in the National Assembly.
-- December 3, 2006: Chavez defeats state governor Manuel Rosales in the presidential election, winning 62.89 percent of the vote.
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez drives his grandson Manuel away in a Volkswagen Beetle after voting in the presidential election at a school in Caracas December 3, 2006. ©REUTERS/Edwin Montilva
-- December 2, 2007: Venezuelan voters reject a raft of constitutional reforms in a referendum aimed at eliminating presidential term limits.
-- February 15, 2009: This time, 54.36 percent of Venezuelans vote in favor of a constitutional amendment allowing presidents to run for office multiple times.
-- September 26, 2010: Chavez's party wins legislative elections but the opposition grabs 40 percent of the seats.
-- June 10, 2011: Chavez undergoes surgery in Cuba to treat an 'abscess' in his pelvic area.
-- June 30, 2011: Chavez discloses that he underwent surgery to remove a cancerous tumor.
-- October 20, 2011: Chavez declares he is free of cancer after four rounds of chemotherapy.
©REUTERS/Carlos Garcia Rawlins
-- December 2, 2011: Chavez hosts a regional summit to launch the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC).
-- February 21, 2012: Chavez announces that tests found a lesion near where a tumor had been removed and that he will again undergo surgery in Cuba.
-- March 4, 2012: Chavez confirms that a tumor was removed and that the cancer has returned, requiring radiation therapy in Cuba.
-- March-April 2012: Chavez makes multiple trips to Cuba for cancer treatment, withdrawing from public appearances.
-- July 9, 2012: Chavez declares himself cancer-free again.
-- July 30, 2012: In a rare trip abroad since the start of his battle with cancer, Chavez goes to Brazil to mark Venezuela's entry into the Mercosur trade bloc.
Brazil's President Dilma Rousseff (L) greets Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez during a signing ceremony in the Planalto Palace July 31, 2012. ©REUTERS/Ueslei Marcelino
-- October 7, 2012: Chavez defeats opposition leader Henrique Capriles with 55 percent of the vote after his toughest campaign in years.
-- December 8, 2012: Chavez reveals a cancer relapse and that he urgently needs a new operation in Cuba.
-- December 11, 2012: Chavez undergoes a fourth round of cancer surgery in Cuba.
-- December 19, 2012: The government announces Chavez is in a "stable" condition after being diagnosed with a respiratory infection.
-- February 15: In a first glimpse of Chavez for two months, he is seen in photos in Havana bed-ridden but smiling.
Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez smiles in between his daughters, Rosa Virginia (R) and Maria while recovering from cancer surgery in Havana in this photograph released by the Ministry of Information on February 15, 2013. ©REUTERS/Ministry of Information/Handout
-- February 18: Chavez says on Twitter that he has returned to Venezuela and is taken to a military hospital in Caracas.
-- March 4: Chavez suffers from a "new and severe infection" that has caused a "worsening of respiratory function," the government says.
Iraq's President Saddam Hussein prepares to take Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez for a ride around Baghdad August 10, 2000. ©REUTERS
Iran's President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (L) is welcomed by Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez at Miraflores Palace in Caracas September 17, 2006. ©REUTERS/Miraflores Palace/Handout
Bolivian President Evo Morales (R) chats with his Venezuelan counterpart Hugo Chavez as they watch a demonstration of folkloric dance from the balcony of the government palace in La Paz January 23, 2006. ©REUTERS/Jose Miguel Gomez
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (R) and his Haitian counterpart Rene Preval attend a welcome ceremony at Miraflores palace in Caracas April 24, 2006. ©REUTERS
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (L) is welcomed by Libyan leader colonel Muammar Gaddafi (R) as he arrived in Tripoli, May 17, 2006. ©REUTERS
Brazil's President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (C) shakes hands with his counterparts, Argentina's Nestor Kirchner (L) and Venezuela's Hugo Chavez, in Sao Paulo April 26, 2006. ©REUTERS/Paulo Whitaker
Cuban President Fidel Castro (R) and his Venezuelan counterpart Hugo Chavez share a laugh during the opening ceremony of the International Book Fair in Havana February 3, 2006. ©REUTERS/Claudia Daut
U.S. President Barack Obama greets his Venezuela counterpart Hugo Chavez before the opening ceremony of the 5th Summit of the Americas in Port of Spain April 17, 2009. ©REUTERS/Miraflores Palace/Handout
Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez. ©REUTERS/Jorge Silva