Security forces missed a generation of terrorists in Kazakhstan05 september 2012, 17:17
Kazakhstan security forces have missed the moment when a whole generation of terrorists was raised in Kazakhstan, representative of the Near-Border Cooperation Association in Kazakhstan Marat Shibutov told Tengrinews.
“For a long time our special forces focused on the international terrorist groups and missed over our local processes of terrorism escalation. Instead of eliminating the sources, they singled out only their most radical parts, and not even all of those. As a result we have a whole generation in their terrorist centers, there is already a small terrorist underground that keeps strengthening and is merging with the criminal world. It will act along the Dagestan terrorism pattern when law-enforcement officials and policemen are killed,” Marat Shibutov said.
Political expert Marat Shibutov. Photo by Yaroslav Radlovskiy©
Dr. Dosym Satpayev, Kazakhstan's prominent political analyst and author of the Rules of Survival amid City Terrorism book, also shares the opinion that the criminal world is merging with the terrorist underground in Kazakhstan. However, he links the terrorist underground with religious extremism. “It is often the case that criminal and ideological activities complement each other pretty successfully. There have been many examples of this in other countries, when an extremist or terrorist organization is actively involved in criminal activities not for personal enrichment but for collection of money for performance of terrorist attacks or for propaganda activities. It is important to understand the difference between common crime and terrorism. They can look alike. But the inside is different. The second is more dangerous, first of all because it is frequently based on the principle of “martyrdom for the idea”. It is much more difficult to counter a "martyr” than a mafia boss,” expert said.
Political expert Dossym Satpayev. Photo by Yaroslav Radlovskiy©
According to Kazakhstan political expert Aidos Sarym, the recent events have shown that the authorities underestimate the current situation. “It is necessary to understand that many of these organizations have a long experience of countering not only authoritarian but even totalitarian regimes. Killing them does not solve any problems. Besides, the death is some kind of an achievement for them, for many of them consider themselves Shahids (one who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion). Tomorrow they can reserve to extreme measures: they will start using the suicide bombers. First of all, it is necessary to counter such things at the stage of ideas and values. Even during the events in Akhsel Kent it was more proper, in my view, to use some kind of gases or something else, but to try save their lives and find out who they are,” the expert said.
Political expert Aidos Sarym. Photo by Yaroslav Radlovskiy©
Dossym Satpayev mentioned one more flaw of Kazakhstan authorities. “The problem of penetration of extremist ideas into the state power structures and the country’s political elite is not being researched or deal with at all. According to the experience of other countries, some extremist organizations are trying to work their way into higher levels of state authorities, including to the military forces. They no longer limit themselves to working with marginal population but choose promising young people instead,” he said.
Besides, Satpayev noted that extremist and terrorist structures have covered almost the whole territory of Kazakhstan with their activities. “The United States currently use a map of terrorist risks that classifies terrorist threat via a 5-level system (low, alerting, threatening, high and extreme risk of terrorist attack). If applied to Kazakhstan it would show that Kazakhstan is characterized by an alarming risk of terrorist attacks,” the expert said.