Declare war to renegades: Ex-Interior Minister16 november 2011, 10:57
Extremists are trying to threaten people and authorities by setting off bombs, former Interior Minister, former secretary of Kazakhstan Security Council and currently chairman of Kazakhstan Veterans Council Kairbek Suleimenov is qouted by KazTAG as saying.
"Everyone understands that although the terrorist attack in Taraz is most probably not related to the attacks in Astana, Aktobe and Atyrau, it is clear that extremists have image-oriented goals. They are trying to threaten people and authorities,” he said in an interview to Zakon.kz.
"We are not talking about presence of a global terrorist threat, but we cannot deny the fact that Kazakhstan has long been a part of the risk zone. Intensification of Islamization of the public mind is very pronounced,” Suleimenov said.
Suleimenov thinks that “there is still time to stop this process and prevent wide spread of terrorism." “No ultimatums of any kind (put forth by terrorists) may be met, because this can have serious consequences in future," he stated.
"What concerns religious extremism as the basis for terrorism, Kazakhs have never embraced extreme trends of Islam. An overwhelming majority of us does not even know these teachings, or understand the meaning of the prayers said in Arabic, everything is taken on trust,” he said.
He said that in order to “uncrown radicalism and extremism it is necessary to step up counter-propaganda based on moderate Islam, which is traditional for us”. Besides, he insists that all available resources must be mobilized for countering “this new development”, as “we all have inconsistently loosen our grip amid impressive economic success and inter-ethnic accord of the past years”.
"There is no more place for self-righteousness and self-confident optimism in the fight against religious extremism. We all have to deal with this problem competently and fundamentally,” Suleimenov stressed.
Head of the Veterans Council added that it was high time to “declare war to such renegades”. In particular, it is necessary to apply special investigative and preventive activities among radical young believers.
"Foreign ideologists of radicalism have to be driven out of the country,” Suleimenov said adding that “capital punishment could be an efficient measure for countering these extremely dangerous criminals.”
Suleimenov also noted that growing frequency of such incidents had created an urgent need for timely and reliable information from operative sources. “Looking at the latest events, we can see that there is a problem with that. The reason is that law-enforcement structures are partly atrophied, affluent of dilettantes, have high employees turnover, corruption, etc.,” Suleimenov said.
He also touched on recent disorders in penal colonies. In his opinion, this is a radical manifestation of excessive requirements of convicts to the facilities' administration. Suleimenov did not deny that the reason for “excessive flurry of the convicts” is frequently rooted in illegal actions of the penal facilities's employees, their inadequate cruelty and indifference.
"Yes, conditions of the convicts in prisons do not comply with standards in many of their aspects, but the Interior Ministry has got the capability to dramatacially improve the situation. The situation requires a rational balance between tightening the law order in penal colonies and pre-trial detention centers and specific measures for humanization of conditions in prisons,” former Minister stressed and added that “Interior Ministry has to justify the trust of the President who gave them the Correctional System Commission back.”
Speaking of the legal reform, Suleimenov noted that Kazakhstan still does not have any clear concept of integration of the judicial reform and the reform of law-enforcement system.
"There is a gap between the judicial reform and the reform of law-enforcement authorities. Historical urgency of defining the direction for development of the criminal procedure law is being underestimated. Elements of Anglo-American system are embedded into the judicial practices of the Continental law system that is traditional for us,” Suleimenov said.
In this relation he suggested to introduce changes into the Penal Code and simplify prejudicial inquiry and inquest processes. He also thinks that “moving investigation from law-enforcement system to courts will require unification of the functions of operative authorized officers, inquiry officers and investigators, i.e. what Almaty oblast Interior Department is currently testing.”
"By the way, this pilot project of the Interior Ministry looks useless, as without changing the Penal Code such experiments are violating legitimacy and may cause mass absolution sentences because of violations of criminal-procedural provisions,” Suleimenov noted.
"And finaly, in-structural reforms have to be introduced. This is very important. Old-fashioned methods of work of the government machinery on protection of rights and interests of the citizens, the society and the state from criminal invasions have to be brought down. Extensive approach is still dominant in Kazakhstan, the number of employees has not been decreased. Implementation of modern technologies for prejudicial stage can be the only alternative to such method. But again we are not dealing with that right now,” former Minister said.