Main events in the Israel-Palestinian conflict since 199126 september 2011, 17:50
The Palestinians submitted to the United Nations an application for membership for their state along the 1967 borders, a move vehemently opposed by both Israel and Washington.
Here is a timeline of key events in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict over the last two decades:
-- Nov 1: The Madrid Peace Conference sets a framework for the peace process.
An Israeli soldier takes aim as a Palestinian woman hurls a rock at him from close range during a demonstration on February 29, 1988 in which one Palestinian youth was shot dead several months after the outbreak of the "intifada". ©REUTERS/Jim Hollander
-- Sept 13: Israel and the PLO sign Declaration of Principles on autonomy after months of secret negotiations in Oslo.
Palestinian boys dressed in uniforms of Palestinian security forces. ©REUTERS/Abed Omar Qusini
-- May 4: Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat sign the autonomy accord in Cairo.
-- July 1: Arafat returns from a decade in exile in Tunisia to establish the Palestinian Authority, which was to oversee the road to statehood.
-- Nov 4: Rabin is assassinated by a Jewish extremist.
Students write their memorials to Yitzhak Rabin on a portrait of the assassinated Israeli prime minister on November 12, 1995. ©REUTERS/Havakuk Levison
-- July 11-25: US president Bill Clinton hosts talks with Arafat and Israeli premier Ehud Barak at Camp David that collapse over the issues of Jerusalem and Palestinian refugees.
-- September: Eruption of the second Palestinian intifada, or uprising, against the Israeli occupation.
Palestinians hurl rocks towards Israeli Border Police from a barricade on the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem's Old City. ©REUTERS/Desmond Boylan
-- June 4: Launch of the Middle East "roadmap" for the creation of a Palestinian state by 2005 at a summit in Jordan with US president George W. Bush, Israeli premier Ariel Sharon and his Palestinian counterpart, Mahmud Abbas.
U.S. President George W. Bush (C) watches as Israel Prime Minister Ariel Sharon (R) and Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas (L) shake hands. ©REUTERS/Larry Downing
-- Nov 11: Death of Arafat.
A Palestinian woman screams as she stands near burning tyres after the death of Palestinian President Yasser Arafat. ©REUTERS/Ali Hashisho
-- Feb 2: Sharon and Abbas -- now Palestinian president -- meet in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, and declare an end to hostilities.
-- August: Israel carries out its unilateral disengagement plan, withdrawing all its settlers and soldiers from the Gaza Strip.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas (L) and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon (R) shake hands during their meeting at Sharm el-Sheikh. ©REUTERS/Aladin Abdel Naby
-- Nov 27: Abbas and Israeli premier Ehud Olmert formally restart negotiations at Annapolis, Maryland.
-- Dec 27: Israel begins a devastating 22-day military offensive in the Gaza Strip, prompting the Palestinians to suspend talks.
-- May 9: Indirect talks start.
-- Sept 2: US President Barack Obama launches direct talks at a White House summit with Abbas and Israeli premier Benjamin Netanyahu.
U.S. President Barack Obama meets Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. ©REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque
-- Sept 28: A partial freeze of West Bank settlement building expires, leading to the collapse of direct talks.
-- November: Palestinian officials begin talking publicly about seeking UN membership for a Palestinian state on the lines that existed before the 1967 Six Day War incorporating the West Bank, Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem.
-- March 20: Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erakat says seeking UN membership for a Palestinian state is the official strategy although no date is set.
-- May 28: The Arab League endorses the plan to seek UN membership in September when the General Assembly convenes.
-- Sept 21: Obama insists at the UN General Assembly that only negotiations can lead to a Palestinian state.
Shirts with the images of U.S. President Barack Obama, Russia's Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and President Dmitry Medvedev, France's President Nicolas Sarkozy and Ukraine's President Viktor Yanukovich are displayed for sale in a market in Jerusalem's Old City September 23, 2011. ©REUTERS/Baz Ratner