Kazakh legislation to make cadaveric donors lists classified27 апреля 2014, 13:45
Information on cadaveric donors in Kazakhstan will be confidential, Tengrinews reports citing a Kazakhstan lawmaker Nadezhda Petuhova.
On April 16th, the lower chamber of the parliament approved amendments to the health and healthcare system legislation in the first reading. The amendments state that cadaveric organ donation does not require relative’s consent.
The amendments received a lot of critics during public discussion and now the goal is to make sure that there are no loopholes in the legislation that could be used for illegal transplantations, the lawmaker said.
“There will be protection of privacy and liability for notaries who authenticate the consent [in case they fail to observe the law when performing their duties]. We want to make sure that there are no loopholes. Only the institutions that have a license will be able to transplant organs. For the license, the institutions must go through an accreditation committee. The committee will determine if the meets the requirements or not. Organ donation will also be done through certified institutions. All the rules will be articulated in subordinate acts and government regulations,” Petuhova explained.
The legislation prohibits using pregnant women and children as donors. There will be lists of those who gave their consent for cadaveric donation and those awaiting transplantation.
“Availability of the database of donors will enable doctors in emergency situations to find out whether a person is a donor or not,” Petuhova added.
The lawmaker explained that the amendments to the legislation were primarily focused on increasing the life expectancy of Kazakhstan’s citizens.
Syzganov National Scientific Center for Surgery also supports the idea of keeping the donors lists confidential. Dr. Temur Yeshmuratov said that the process of certifying a person's death involves several stages. “Even after brain death is pronounced, a series of examinations by neurologists, forensic experts and other doctors are required. Only after that, the question of organ transplantation is raised,” the doctor said. adding that only healthy organs of the people who gave consent for cadaveric donation can be used for transplantation.
Development of cadaveric organ donation and transplantation could be a solution for 80 percent of the Kazakhstani patients awaiting a donor.
Religious implication of organ donation raise heated discussions in Kazakhstan. But in January this year the Grand Mufti of Kazakhstan expressed his approval of organ donation as an act of goodness. For the predominantly Muslim society creating awareness through religious as well as social institutions is strategic in terms of cadaveric donation.
Reporting by Alisher Akhmetov, writing by Gyuzel Kamalova