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In 2015-2018 Russia plans to shift a part of space launches from the Kazakhstan-based Baikonur cosmodrome

10 сентября 2013, 16:07
©RIA Novosti
©RIA Novosti
In 2015-2018 Russia plans to shift a part of space launches from the Kazakhstan-based Baikonur cosmodrome to the newly built Vostochny cosmodrome in its own territory; however, Vostochny will not be a complete substitute for Baikonur, Intefax-Kazakhstan reports, citing Russia’s Vice Foreign Minister Grigoryi Karassin as saying.

“Vostochny comodrome in Amur oblast of the Russia’s Far East is at the stage of construction; we plan to shift some of launches in 2015-2018”, he said, adding that “in the nearest years Vostochny won’t be a full-fledged alternative to Baikonur [currently rented from Kazakhstan]”.

“Baikonur makes it possible to launch space vehicles to low, middle and high orbits. Renting the facility enables Russia to access the outer space to accomplish the whole range of tasks (…) When Vostochny is ready, Russia will still stick to the plans of joint use of Baikonur in partnership with Kazakhstan for decades to come”, he said.
Baikonur is the first and largest cosmodrome in the world. Located in Kazakhstan, it is rented out to Russia till 2050.

Baikonur is closer to the Equator than other launch sites – a situation that facilitates geostationary orbit or orbits less inclined to reach the International Space Station (ISS). This privileged geographic placement enables the launch of more significant payloads.

The cosmodrome has been rented out since 1994. Annual rent stands at $115 million.

The town accommodates over 70 000 people, with 37% being Russia’s citizens. About 4 000 Russia’s citizens are here almost permanently on business trips to facilitate space launches. The town budget receives over 1 billion roubles a year from the Russian federal budget.

Russia’s Roskosmos Federal Space Agency spent over $33.3 million in 2012 to maintain infrastructure and space facilities at the Kazakhstan-based Baikonur cosmodrome, Interfax-Kazakhstan reported February 1, 2013, citing Yuzhny Space Center Evgeniy Anissimov as saying.

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