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Over 2000 people need new organs in Kazakhstan

18 august 2014, 20:28
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Photo © RIA Novosti
Photo © RIA Novosti

Over 2 thousand people require organ transplantation in Kazakhstan, Tengrinews reports citing the Central Asian country's Ministry of Healthcare.

“As of July 2014, there are 2,316 people in need of organ transplantation. 1,885 of them require kidney transplantation. 414 people need liver transplantation and 46 need a “new” heart. 1 person requires lungs transplantation,” the Ministry said.

There have been a growing number of organ transplantation surgeries made in Kazakhstan since 2012. Notably, the number of surgeries that used cadaveric donors has increased too. In 2012 there were 62 transplantation surgeries made and 2 of them used cadaveric donors, whereas a year later, in 2013, there were 158 surgeries overall and 11 of them used organs from deceased donors. Since the beginning of 2014, there have already been 103 organ transplantation surgeries performed in the country with 19 using organs from cadaveric donors.

When the organ transplantation program started in Kazakhstan back in 2012, there were over 5 thousand people in need of transplants. Last year, it was planned to create an electronic database of donors. Unfortunately, the idea has not turned into a solid working system yet. But the Ministry said that the reforms in the Kazakhstan healthcare system envisaged purchase of equipment to make the planned electronic donor database a reality.

The database will include the list of donors, patents on the waitlist and recipients. It will simplify matching donors with recipients, as make the process solely electronic.

Today Kazakhstan has the National Transplantation Coordination Center, 37 donor hospitals and 9 transplantation centers that are licensed to perform organ transplantations.

As a part of a new package of amendments to Kazakhstan’s legislation concerning public health and healthcare system, the Parliament is considering introducing donor symbols onto ID cards of Kazakhstan residents to simplify the procedure of obtaining permissions for organ donation upon brain death. The main idea is to let people themselves decide what will happen to their organs after their death without relying on the judgment of their relatives.

Reporting by Aidana Usupova, writing by Gyuzel Kamalova


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