Hot news:
Life in once flooded Kokpekty village goes on Formula One: S.Africa's Kyalami track to be sold Netherlands no longer biggest investor into Kazakh economy Indonesia's Prabowo to challenge election result in court Heatstroke kills three in Japan, thousands hospitalised Central Bank Governor advises against borrowing Canada expels 20 Hungarians for human trafficking Only one place to swim in Astana Gaza rocket halts Israel flights as foes resist truce efforts New NATO commander for Europe takes over Kazakhstan-based car makers facing obstacles to car exports to Russia Malaysia Airlines plane brought down by mistake: US intelligence officials Four children, two adults killed in France minibus crash Qatar emir in surprise Saudi visit, holds talks on Gaza Chrysler to recall 792,300 SUVs for ignition problem Geneticists find 100+ DNA pointers for schizophrenia Colombia posts lowest murder rate in 10 years: officials Encephalitis kills 60 in eastern India in fortnight Taiwan battens down for Typhoon Matmo Kazakhstan’s Central Bank Governor on banks’ net worth and deposits restrictions Air Astana conducts first flight to Ukraine since MH17 crash I was in the air over Ukraine when Malaysia Airlines plane crashed: Netherlands ambassador to Kazakhstan Central Bank Governor on prices for real estate at the threshold of EXPO-2017 Turkey arrests more than 50 senior police officers: TV Here's sellin' to you, kid. Casablanca piano up for sale Body of Honduras journalist found; 45th killed since 2003 Deal reached over US gynecologist who secretly taped patients Muslim rebel attacks kill 18 in Philippines: military Accused Android app pirates face criminal charges Texas governor to send 1,000 troops to Mexico border US court makes first conviction in Boston attacks Tazhayakov's lawyer presents no witnesses Monthly average shopping expenses revealed in Kazakhstan Tazhayakov avoided Tamerlan Tsarnaev: FBI Tsarnayev knew how to make bombs: Tazhayakov S. Korea police find body of fugitive ferry owner Kazakhstan announces grain exports figure Brazil construction magnate Norberto Odebrecht dies at 93 N. American box office goes bananas for 'Apes' Russian steelmaker Severstal announces sale of US plants Little boy dragged to death outside hijacked car in S.Africa Lost toddler saved by dog in forest Kazakh helicopter squadron completes tactical flight exercises Astana Opera soloists to perform in Italy Tazhayakov's father accuses FBI agent of false testimony Mountain race ends in tragedy in Kazakhstan's Almaty Three injured in oil refinery fire in western Kazakhstan Russia & Kazakhstan quid pro quo on Baikonur Kazakh company reinsured downed Malaysia Airlines Boeing for $3mln Harmony Lessons actor runs away from orphanage Hailstorm in Ust-Kamenogorsk in July Kazakhstan ranked 8th out of 85 countries at 45th International Physics Olympiad Rebels move MH17 air crash bodies as US accuses Russia Weather is not affected by rocket launches: Kazakh Minister of Emergency Situations Kazakhstan to host 2016 AIBA Women's World Boxing Championships Turkey willing to join free trade area with Customs Union Akon on food, female beauty in Kazakhstan Ukraine risks repeating Afghanistan scenario: Kazakh analyst Industrial State Program had little effect on Kazakhstan's economy: Nazarbayev Prince George, 'style icon', to celebrate first birthday Kazakhstan ranks 79th in Global Innovation Index 2014 Philippine sect opens 'world's largest indoor arena' Kazakhstan and EU negotiate new Partnership and Cooperation Agreement Instructor to appear in India court over alleged child rape China shuts meat factory supplying McDonald's, KFC 'Maverick' star James Garner dies Sky News apologises for rummaging through MH17 luggage Mediterranean migrant boat death toll rises to 30 Xi seeks energy deals in Venezuela Battle for Libya airport leaves at least 47 dead Obama calls for immediate truce as Gaza toll soars US warns against 'pure caffeine' after teen dies Tennis: Kazakhstani Zarina Diyas gets in WTA Top-100 Facebook wants to beam the Internet from the sky Australian mogul Packer gives away $188 million Beetles devour George Harrison tribute tree S. Korean police slammed over ferry tycoon's body MH17 black boxes to be sent to UK lab: Malaysia

Ancient mysteries revealed in Turkmen desert sands

Saturday, 06.04.2013, 18:01
Comments (0)
Ancient mysteries revealed in Turkmen desert sands
A view of the excavated and restored ancient fortress town of Gonur-Tepe. ©AFP
Over four millennia ago, the fortress town of Gonur-Tepe might have been a rare advanced civilisation before it was buried for centuries under the dust of the Kara Kum desert in remote western Turkmenistan, AFP reports.

After being uncovered by Soviet archaeologists in the last century, Gonur-Tepe, once home to thousands of people and the centre of a thriving region, is gradually revealing its mysteries with new artifacts being uncovered on every summer dig.

The scale of the huge complex which spans some 30 hectares can only be properly appreciated from the air, from where the former buildings look like a maze in the desert surrounded by vast walls.

Just 50 kilometres (30 miles) from the celebrated ancient city of Merv outside the modern city of Mary, the ruins of Gonur-Tepe are an indication of the archeological riches of Turkmenistan, one of the most isolated countries in the world.

Around 2,000 BC, Gonur-Tepe was the main settlement of the Margush or Margiana region that was home to one of the most sophisticated, but little-known Bronze Age civilisations.

The site -- which until the last century was covered by desert and scrub -- was uncovered in Soviet times by the celebrated archeologist Viktor Sarianidi who, at the age of 84, is about to spend another summer working on the site.

"I remember so well my joy when I first encountered this archaeological Klondike. A sensation right under your feet," the Russian professor told AFP.

Every digging season at Gonur-Tepe yields new discoveries showing the quality of the craftsmanship of the Bronze Age artisans in the town which at the time would likely have been home to thousands of residents.

The town's craftsmen could mould metal, make silver and gold trinkets, create materials for cult worship and carve bone and stone.

"It's amazing to what extent the people possessed advanced techniques. The craftsmen learned how to change the form of natural stone at a high temperature and then glazed it so that it was preserved," said archeologist Nadezhda Dubova.

"This year, Gonur has given us another surprise, a fantastic mosaic," she said, noting that such an object pre-dated the standard era of mosaic-making in Greek and Roman antiquity.


-- 'Anticipating Brunelleschi' --


The ruins of Gonur-Tepe are the centrepiece of a network of towns and settlements in the delta region of the river Morghab that flows through Turkmenistan from its source in Afghanistan.

Gonur-Tepe is a three-hour drive from the provincial centre of Mary -- two hours along a bumpy asphalt road that passes former collective farms that have now fallen into disuse, and then another hour-long slog through the desert scrub.

Mary, 380 kilometres from the capital Ashgabat, is a typical Turkmen provincial city, home to 200,000 people and largely built in the Soviet style with a railway connection and low-rise apartment buildings.

Some 30 kilometres (19 miles) outside Mary lies the other great glory of the region -- the great ruined city of Merv, whose importance goes back to the time of the Achaemenid Persians and reached a peak under Turkic rule in the 12th century AD.

Merv went into terminal decline after it was sacked by the Mongols in 1221 in a deadly conquest that left tens of thousands dead. Its ruins are as deserted as those of Gonur-Tepe.

Its greatest treasure is the still preserved mausoleum of the Seljuk Sultan Sanjar under whose rule Merv was a city of 200,000 people and briefly one of the most heavily populated settlements in the world.

The mausoleum, which is crowned by a cupola with a diameter of over 17 metres, was revolutionary in its design, Turkmen architectural historian Ruslan Muradov told AFP.

The design of the dome "anticipates by 300 years the ideas of the great Renaissance architect Filippo Brunelleschi" who designed the great dome of the cathedral in Florence, he said.

Unlike the ruins of Gonur-Tepe, ancient Merv was excavated as far back as Tsarist times when today's Turkmenistan was a far-flung outpost of the Russian Empire. It has been listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1999.

Archaeologists have only just begun to scratch the surface of the huge riches of the Mary region, said Viktor Turik, a historian who works at the Mary history museum.

"In the region there are 354 archeological monuments, 95 percent of which have, until now, not been studied by experts," he said.

Turkmenistan remains one of the most isolated countries in the world but still sees a trickle of foreign tourists every year, mostly on organised special interest tours.

Mary has just three hotels although President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov has recently ordered the construction of a new 350-bed hotel in an apparent bid to boost tourism.

Meanwhile the question remains about what to do with the extraordinary silver and gold artefacts that are being unearthed in the region but which need painstaking restoration and conservation.

An employee of Turkmenistan's national heritage department said a joint project had been mooted with the antiquities department of the Louvre in Paris, but had fallen through.

"Many unique discoveries which are like nothing in the world are waiting their moments in the storage departments of Turkmen museums," said the employee who asked not to be named.
Views: 848    Comments: 0
preloader
Add a comment
preloader

2014
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
July
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

News
Archive

Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31

Feature stories

Поделиться:
Ancient mysteries revealed in Turkmen desert sands
http://en.tengrinews.kz/userdata/news_en/2013/news_18347/thumb_b/photo_27059.jpg
http://en.tengrinews.kz/science/Ancient-mysteries-revealed-in-Turkmen-desert-sands--18347/