Hot news:
Turks teach Astana hotel personnel nuances of Eastern hospitality for EXPO-2017 Irrigation water shortage in Kyrgyzstan hits Kazakhstan No People's IPO for Air Astana in near future: Samruk Kazyna Russia's Lukoil sells filling stations in Ukraine Myanmar makes $2.3mn heroin bust in 'Golden Triangle' Ex-TEPCO execs should be charged over Fukushima: panel Kazakhstan's athlete becomes Internet sensation China court hears first gay 'conversion therapy' case George W. Bush writes bio of his US president dad Former aide to Britain's Prince Philip charged with sex abuse Mexico ex-governor's son faces questions over cartel meet Ex-spy Litvinenko death inquiry to open in Britain Argentina faces default as 'vulture fund' talks fail Beef exporter confidence returns in land of the holy cow Toasts and tears of joy as Germany started WWI Uighur group says nearly 100 casualties in China clash Oil production at Kashagan to be resumed in 2016: Kazakhstan’s Oil Minister Development of Almaty city master plan postponed Chinese ready to help Kazakhs with Silk Road tourism development project Abel Sanchez talks Golovkin-Cotto fight Astana-Borovoye toll road to bring $6.5 million in 2014 UN takes aim at Islamist oil grab in Syria, Iraq IBF champion Sam Soliman wants to fight Golovkin to unify titles Strong quake hits Mexico, one dead Kerry heads to India to end relationship rut Cambodia court begins genocide trial of Khmer Rouge leaders Suspected meningitis knocks down 160 in Astana Canada says China hacked science agency computers US and Europe hit Russia with toughest sanctions yet Twitter flies on surprisingly strong numbers At least 24 dead in Guinea rap concert stampede: hospital Deadly Israeli shelling hits UN school as Hamas mulls truce Europe launches last resupply ship to space station Giant public artwork divides opinion in Sydney Tiger campaign threatened by poor data: WWF Bank of Cyprus completes $1 bn private share placement China's former security chief under investigation: Xinhua Zarina Diyas heads to Citi Open 1/8 finals in Washington DC New deputy finance minister in Kazakhstan With new default looming, Argentina urges calm Historical burial site containing child and noble woman remains discovered in South Kazakhstan Inuit village sues to block oil surveys in Canada's Arctic Karzai cousin killed in Afghan suicide attack: officials Airbus cancels order for six A380s from Skymark Heavy rains in Kokshetau Kazakh diplomats not willing to repay £1.8 million 'debt' of London congestion charges Linda Ronstadt awarded White House arts honor Two frontline soldiers commit suicide in S. Korea Venezuela sings Happy Birthday to late president Chavez EU to impose new Russia sanctions as fighting blocks MH17 probe NASA rover breaks out-of-this-world distance record Historic Chinese church gutted by fire: Xinhua Nissan says April-June net profit jumps 37% on-year to $1.1 bn Geneticists offer clues to better rice, tomato crops Japan rolls out more sanctions over Ukraine Tennis: Kazakhstani Zarina Diyas gets in WTA Top-100 Facebook wants to beam the Internet from the sky Yosemite Park fire threatens famous giant sequoia trees Peace Corps withdraws from W. Africa over Ebola fears 25 in Indonesia dead in Eid boat sinkings Rescuers battle rains after India landslide, 150 feared dead

Merkel to open Berlin Holocaust memorial for Roma

Tuesday, 23.10.2012, 14:08
Comments (0)
Merkel to open Berlin Holocaust memorial for Roma
Romani Rose, chairman of the Central Council of Sinti and Roma in Germany tours the exhibition "The Holocaust against the Roma and Sinti and Present Day Racism in Europe". ©AFP
German Chancellor Angela Merkel will inaugurate a memorial to murdered Roma and Sinti victims of the Nazis on Wednesday, as Europe's largest minority grapples with ongoing discrimination, AFP reports.

Historians say the Nazis exterminated nearly 500,000 Roma men, women and children in Europe during World War II, decimating a population with roots in Germany dating back six centuries.

The memorial, given pride of place in Berlin's central Tiergarten park between the Reichstag parliament building and the Brandenburg Gate, will be unveiled after years of delays and bitter disputes over its design and cost.

"A culture of remembering is very important to me," said Merkel, who will also be joined at the opening by President Joachim Gauck and about 100 survivors, in her weekly video podcast.

"That is why we must have appropriate places where that is possible -- where people can also go in the future when the survivors are no longer alive."

The monument, whose construction began in December 2008, consists of a round pool of water and stele in the centre on which a single fresh flower will rest each day.

A timeline of Nazi extermination campaigns stands next to the memorial, which was built at a cost of 2.8 million euros ($3.6 million).

It was designed by Israeli artist Dani Karavan, 81, and is located near other memorials for victims of Nazi barbarism, including a sprawling field of stones in honour of the six million murdered Jews and a smaller monument for gays.

The opening has been accompanied by a series of concerts, art exhibitions, public debates and readings.

The Roma and related Sinti, like the Jews deemed racially inferior, were also systematically targeted by the Nazis, confined to ghettos and special camps, deported and killed.

In 1938 SS chief Heinrich Himmler ordered the "final solution of the gypsy question".

In the service of the genocidal programme, the "racial scientists" of Nazi Germany developed a list of characteristics and traced family trees in some cases back to the 16th century to discover "gypsy ancestors".

Those caught in the sweeping campaign were sent to concentration camps.

At Auschwitz and Ravensbrueck, they were subjected to grotesque medical experiments. But West Germany did not recognise the genocide until 1982.

"The Holocaust against the Roma -- or 'Porajmos' which literally means 'devouring' -- was long denied and was not the subject of historical research, not only in Germany but also in other countries such as Vichy France or countries of eastern Europe that participated in the persecution," historian Wolfgang Wippermann of Berlin's Free University said.

The government's decision to erect the monument dates back to 1992 but it was held up in part by a semantic dispute.

The head of the Central Council of Sinti and Roma in Germany, Romani Rose, objected to the memorial referring to "gypsies", a term commonly used in the past but now viewed as derogatory.

"Unlike the Jews, whom the Nazis found by their religion, Roma -- most of them Catholics -- were not necessarily distinguishable from other citizens," Rose, who leads a community now numbering about 70,000, told AFP.

Some 11 million Roms live in Europe, seven million of them in the European Union, and suffer from disproportionate poverty and rampant discrimination.

The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 sent many fleeing southeastern Europe for the richer west and countries such as France and Italy have in recent years cracked down on illegal camps.

Germany has indicated it would like to curb the flow of Roma into the country, possibly by reinstating visa requirements for Serbia and Macedonia.

The secretary general of the Council of Europe, Thorbjoern Jagland, slammed the enduring persecution faced by Roma today, calling it one of the continent's greatest challenges.

"The biggest minority in Europe is discriminated against in most European states and the Roma's living conditions are horrible in many countries," he told Sunday's issue of the Berlin daily Tagesspiegel.
Views: 156    Comments: 0
preloader
Add a comment
preloader

2014
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
August
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

News
Archive

Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Feature stories

Поделиться:
Merkel to open Berlin Holocaust memorial for Roma
http://en.tengrinews.kz/userdata/news_en/2012/news_13918/thumb_b/photo_21601.jpg
http://en.tengrinews.kz/politics_sub/Merkel-to-open-Berlin-Holocaust-memorial-for-Roma-13918/