Hot news:
New National Park to be created in Kazakhstan Kazakhstani model in Armani advertising campaign 16 Kazakhstanis join militants of Islamic State of Iraq Caspian states agree on aquatic bioresources management Additional gas to be imported from Russia: KazMunaiGas Onimderi Ilya Ilyin beats personal clean and jerk record Golovkin nice gentlemen but brings no money: Freddie Roach Heineken says selling Mexican packaging business for $1.2 bn Car bomb found at Philippines' main airport: authorities Search for survivors after six die in Paris building explosion Apparent Hollywood hack attack nabs stars' nude pix China announces national 'Martyrs' Day': report Googling yourself hurts, says Miley Cyrus Obama to spell out message to Putin on former Soviet land Google tests using drones to deliver goods Kenyan commandos on frontline of poaching war Regional powers to hold Lesotho crisis meeting New test fast-tracks diagnosis for malaria Pakistan military leaders to meet after deadly clashes Kazakhstan explores Chinese EXPO-2010 experience Gene clues to glaucoma risk Tales of war, genocide darken Venice film fest Brain tumour boy in 'stable condition' as parents face court Japan porn queens raise thousands of dollars from 'Boob Aid' Iceland issues red alert after new eruption near volcano 14 detained trying to prevent Faroe Island dolphin hunt Putin calls for talks on 'statehood' of eastern Ukraine Thai PM stacks cabinet with soldiers Kazakhstani model awarded at Miss Bikini CIS 2014 Putin and Poroshenko agree to solve Ukrainian crisis peacefully Kazakh expedition to China and Kyrgyzstan comes to end Kazakh expedition leaves China for Kyrgyzstan Only 20% of infants with heart diseases get help in Kazakhstan Emir Baigazin's Wounded Angel wins Work in Progress at Sarajevo Film Festival ArbatFest-2014: From public art to visual library Kazakhstan offers Singapore to mutually abolish visa regime Talgar mudslide damages run into millions Zarina Diyas in 3rd round of US Open Kazakhstan celebrates Constitution Day Kazakh tour companies losing market to Russian firms Chinese water parks with shocking number of people Silk Road explorers from Kazakhstan: Minarets of Xinjiang India's Modi arrives in Japan for visit Time running out for 'kidnapped' brain tumour boy taken to France Ghana says poverty cut by half since 1992 Pussy Riot say no place for Putin at G20 IMF approves $1.4 billion aid payment for Ukraine Astana experiences shortage of high school and pre-school teachers 20 miners rescued, five still missing in Nicaragua collapse US steps up sanctions on Iran over nuclear program Kazakhstan wins 8 medals at Youth Olympic Games in China Democrats keep Obama at distance ahead of mid-term elections A pact with the devil: bankruptcy, greed from Florida to Venice Besieged UN peacekeepers in Syria ready to use 'deadly force' Turkey unveils new cabinet of Erdogan allies Angelina Jolie calls for new bid to end Syria war Russia closes 12 McDonald's branches, inspects 100 Joan Rivers 'serious' in New York hospital US singer Green pleads no contest to ecstasy charge Facebook tuning mobile search at social network Huge rival protests held in Yemen capital 'Ice Bucket Challenge' passes $100 mn mark NATO warns Russia over 'blatant violations' in Ukraine conflict Star-studded comedy 'She's Funny That Way' charms Venice President Vladimir Putin of Russia on Kazakhstan and its future Kazakhstan will soon feel the rising cost of living: expert Yurt may be recognized as Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan's cultural heritage: UNESCO Kazakhstan Minister of Culture calls gay smooch ad 'ugly' and 'nonhuman' Man blocks entrance to mayor's office in protest against gasoline deficit in Kazakhstan Fuel deficit creates kilometer-long queues in Kazakhstan Kazakhstan toughens punishment for corruption Will Ward be first to defeat Golovkin? UN chief 'gravely concerned' by Ukraine crisis Wingsuit daredevils risking their lives on film Twitter to set up shop in social-media-mad Indonesia Tesco issues new profit warning, slashes dividend Gunmen kill six worshippers at Pakistan shrine Precision in mid-air as rope jumpers soar on Greek isle Volcano erupts in PNG, spewing ash and rock: officials 75 Philippine UN peacekeepers defy Syria rebels Pollution, smoking, roads, obesity kill 4.7m Chinese a year Australian PM to visit India for potential uranium deal Support for Scottish independence growing: poll Google tests using drones to deliver goods Harry Belafonte to receive honorary humanitarian Oscar Cyber attacks on US businesses, banks mounting Jewish community 'forced out' of Guatemalan village 'Brangelina' marry in secret French wedding Merkel, Obama warn Russia of 'consequences' over Ukraine Eyes on Apple for 'next big thing' on Sept. 9 Erdogan sworn in as Turkey president, opposition storms out Ice Bucket Challenge Fails and Best Fails Mudflow threat in Almaty remains: scientist 'Smart' city guru arrives in Astana Green Belt around Astana to be extended Oil-producing Kazakhstan depends on Russia for gasoline. No way out? Ballet dancer of Bordeaux National Opera to perform in Astana Kazakhstan makes first brain tumor surgery German jobless rate unchanged in August: data Cameron urges Scotland to stay as business leaders clash over independence Iraqi Kurdish student uses holiday to fight jihadists Thai court drops murder charge against ex-PM Abhisit Reports of paratrooper deaths need checking: Putin spokesman South Korea's Samsung and LG unveil new smartwatches MH370 may have turned south 'earlier' than thought Worms, flies and humans: how we are related 'Swagger' Kazakh-style Millions lose Internet access in US Aid convoys trundle into Gaza as ceasefire holds Apple to unveil 'iWatch' on September 9: report Next round of talks on Ukraine crisis to be held in Astana, Kazakhstan Surprise-package Silva shakes up Brazil vote Kia to open $1 billion car assembly plant in Mexico A mother's appeal as fears mount for Syria hostages Ukraine fighter triggers protest for reinforcements in besieged town Ebola zone countries isolated as airlines stop flights Russian food sanctions spur price rises: data Ethnic Kazakhs life in Shanghai Nazarbayev wants to boost Ulytau tourist potential Russian political party slams ad depicting Russian poet kissing Kazakh composer Kazakhstan is ready to render humanitarian aid to Ukraine: Nazarbayev Galileo satellites not on right orbit: Arianespace Paris relives the joy of liberation, 70 years on US dominates Chinese world university rankings Jasmine and smoke: the allure of Greek summer cinemas Thousands mark Moon death anniversary in S. Korea India stray dogs to be part of security squad‎ Russia okays $150 mn to subsidise World Cup venues Tennis: Kazakhstani Zarina Diyas gets in WTA Top-100 Facebook wants to beam the Internet from the sky

Astana revives initiative to save tigers

Thursday, 03.07.2014, 16:02
Comments (0)
Astana revives initiative to save tigers
Turanian (Caspian) tiger.

On May 27 Astana hosted a conference to discuss a new action plan of reintroduction of the Caspian tiger, also known as the Turanian tiger, in the Central Asian region. At the conference WWF Russia presented the plan of reintroduction of the tiger that is part of the restoration of the ecosystem.  

Tengrinews interviewed Deputy Chairman of the Kazakhstan Geographic Society Kanat Baigarin about the environmental initiative.

The Caspian tiger, also known as the Hyrcanian tiger, the Mazandaran tiger and the Turanian tiger, is an extinct tiger subspecies that had been recorded in the wild until the early 1970s, and used to inhabit the sparse forest habitats and riverines west and south of the Caspian Sea, from Turkey, Iran and east through Central Asia into the Takla Makan desert of Xinjiang, China. There are currently no individuals in captivity.

The Caspian tiger together with the Siberian and Bengal tiger subspecies represented the largest living felid and ranked among the biggest felids that ever existed.

During the Global Tiger Initiative-spearheaded international forum on saving tigers in St. Petersburg in 2010, the World Wild Fund (WWF) Russia, a branch of the world's largest independent conservation organization, along with the government and experts of Kazakhstan launched a new program to restore the population of tigers in Central Asia. The program involves restoration of the original ecosystems in the Ili River delta and the southern bank of Lake Balkhash, and creation of the Ili-Balkhash State Nature Reserve.

The Turanian or Caspian tiger became extinct in the area about 40 years ago and it was last seen In Kazakhstan near the Syrdarya River in the 1950s. Destruction of their natural habitat, poaching and extermination by Russian military in the 20th century is believed to be the main drivers of the extinction. In addition, reclamation of lands in the 19th century and hunting led to a significant decrease in availability of prey - wild boar and deer - that the tigers fed on.

The Caspian tigers inhabited northwestern China, eastern Turkey, the southern Caucasus, in northern Iran, Iraq, and in some regions of Central Asia. In Kazakhstan, particularly, the inhabited used to exist in riparian streaks of forests along the Syrdarya River in southern Kazakhstan, reed thickets of the southern shore of Lake Balkhash, the Ili River banks and Lake Alakul shore in southeastern Kazakhstan. The tigers also inhabited the Chui valley, Issyk-Kul lake area and Narynkol in southern Kazakhstan.

This map represents the Caspian tiger’s habitat places. Black circles display the confirmed area of tiger’s habitat, red ones – non-confirmed areas of its existence, grey circles show the habitat area, while black squares – cases of individual tiger occurrences.

Since tigers are on the top of the food chain, the project has to first restore the population of their prey base.

Bukhara deer

In the days past the tiers used to prey mainly on wild pigs and cervids, sometimes on Bactrian deer, roe deer, red deer, goitered gazelle, jackals, jungle cats, locusts, and other small mammals, on saiga, wild horses, Mongolian wild asses, and mountain sheep, on Manchurian wapiti and moose. They even used to catch fish in flooded areas and irrigation channels.

As part of the restoration program it is planned to focus on breeding wild pigs and deer for the prey base. The Ili River delta and southern shore of Lake Balkhash are considered to be a perfect place for this kind of prey. 

There are large riparian forests, reed thickets, besides, there is some prey base consisting of boars and red deer there already. In addition, the Ily-Balkash Basin was one of the four main areas of tiger habitat in Central Asia. The region has around 1 million acres of land suitable for tigers.

The plan to reintroduce the tiger into the environment is designed for 15 years. It will include preparation of the tiger habitant areas, release of tigers into the wild and subsequent monitoring. Since there are no Caspian tigers left, Syberian tigers from Russia will be used as a substitute. They are similaraly large and represent the same group of felids. A genetic research was done to confirm that the Caspian tiger was genetically similar to the living Sybeiran tigers, also known as Amur tigers. The Sybeiran tigers will either be obtained rom zoos that have a lot of breeding pairs, or from their natural habitat in the Russian Far East.

Caspian tiger in the Berlin Zoo, 1899.

"Our goal is to bring the tiger population to 200 in 15-20 years. But even if we have only 100 by then, it will still be good progress," Kanat Baigarin said.

Reporting by Renat Tashkinbayev, writing by Assel Satubaldina, editing by Tatyana Kuzmina

Views: 1517    Comments: 0
preloader
Add a comment
preloader

2014
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
September
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

News
Archive

Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30

Feature stories

Поделиться:
Astana revives initiative to save tigers
http://en.tengrinews.kz/userdata/news_en/2014/news_253683/thumb_b/photo_40196.jpg
http://en.tengrinews.kz/environment/Astana-revives-initiative-to-save-tigers-253683/