Hot news:
With new default looming, Argentina urges calm Historical burial site containing child and noble woman remains discovered in South Kazakhstan Inuit village sues to block oil surveys in Canada's Arctic Karzai cousin killed in Afghan suicide attack: officials Airbus cancels order for six A380s from Skymark Heavy rains in Kokshetau Kazakh diplomats not willing to repay £1.8 million 'debt' of London congestion charges Linda Ronstadt awarded White House arts honor Two frontline soldiers commit suicide in S. Korea Venezuela sings Happy Birthday to late president Chavez EU to impose new Russia sanctions as fighting blocks MH17 probe NASA rover breaks out-of-this-world distance record Historic Chinese church gutted by fire: Xinhua Nissan says April-June net profit jumps 37% on-year to $1.1 bn Geneticists offer clues to better rice, tomato crops Japan rolls out more sanctions over Ukraine There is more to Golovkin than everyone thinks: Sapiyev, Shaw and Geale comment on Golovkin-Geale fight Carl Froch: Golovkin too dangerous Astana's Vincenzo Nimbali celebrates his victory at Tour de France Golovkin: Ready to fight Quillin and Cotto to unify titles Golovkin's KO ratio highest in history of middleweight boxing Nursultan Nazarbayev congratulates Kazakhstanis on Eid al-Fitr Kazakhstan urges resolving Gaza Strip crisis Every second Kazakhstani relies on self-treatment: Ministry of Health Gloves on for WSB 5th season: Astana Arlans opponents announced Almaty can host MotoGP: Jorge Lorenzo Almaty tending to its rivers Marooned in Central Asian desert that was once sea Ukrainian Embassy in Kazakhstan: airplane crash is Russian terrorist attack Kazakh scientists find way to mitigate eco damage of bureaucracy Arab states to mark end of Ramadan from Monday Suspected militants kidnap Cameroon minister's wife, kill 6: police Russia ordered to pay Yukos shareholders $50 billion North American box office loves 'Lucy' Mexico arrests 32 cops for alleged organized crime ties Uzbek cars hinder development of Kazakhstani car manufacturing George Groves and Ryota Murata help Golovkin succeed Plane crash-lands on US beach, killing father Two Americans, Freetown resident latest Ebola victims Kazakhstani climber to ascend Volcanic Seven Summits Eight hospitalized after US lightning strike Student survivors testify in Korea ferry trial Golovkin TKOs Geale in 3rd round Australia approves huge India-backed mine Aruba releases Venezuelan wanted in US on drug charges Kazakhstan's anti-corruption movement to eradicate corruption through education Kazakhstani guitar player aspires to win Guitar Idol 2014 Bungee jumping in Astana on July 27 No Kazakhstanis among Air Algerie plane crash victims Glamourous Salzburg Festival kicks off amid budget worries Halle Berry lends star power to fight hunger in Nicaragua Golovkin-Geale weight-in, KO predicted Giant anteaters kill two hunters in Brazil UK journalist for Russian TV says Ukraine deported him Cameroon sends 14 Boko Haram members to prison: report Slovak president hands over salary to the poor, sick Japanese PM opens LatAm tour with Mexico energy deals Veteran Catalan leader reveals family kept money abroad Azamat Tazhayakov refuses to frame Dias Kadyrbaev in exchange for freedom Bose sues Beats over headphone patents Kazakhstan does not need its own payment system: experts One of five 9/11 accused to be tried separately: judge Obama, Central American leaders meet on child migrants Air Algerie crash wipes out entire families Maillot brings sexy 'Shrew' to scandal-hit Bolshoi US congratulates Iraq on electing new president South Africa to host 2016 AIDS conference Iran confirms arrest of Washington Post correspondent Golovkin debuts on Broadway 50 Kazakh tourists stuck in Tel Aviv airport after missile attack Kazakh expedition sets out to China 34,000 education grants up for taking in Kazakhstan in 2014 Cautious Royal Bank of Scotland reports sharp recovery Kazakh swims 70km to commemorate 70th Victory Day Effect of potential free trade zone between Turkey and Customs Union on Kazakhstan Ukraine forces take another strategic city: Kiev Tazhayakov's verdict could affect other Boston bombing cases Azamat Tazhayakov's lawyer to lodge an appeal Media predicts Golovkin to TKO Geale in 7th round Israeli fire brings Gaza deaths to 808: medics Chain of halal shops may open in Astana Iraqi jihadists order genital mutilation of all women Underage teens risk live to take photo in Astana Gunmen kill 15 civilians travelling in central Afghanistan Greek policeman, 8 others charged with smuggling antiquities Wreckage of missing Algerian airliner found in Mali Australian mogul Packer gives away $188 million Sudanese Christian woman spared death sentence meets Pope Chinese billionaires criticised for giving Harvard $15m Paracetamol no better than placebo in low-back pain: study US food firm sorry over China 'bad meat' scandal Air Algerie flight seen 'falling' in northern Mali Kazakh experts doubt anti-Russian sanctions can damage Kazakhstan 66% fail Complex Testing of Entrants in Kazakhstan President Nazarbayev writes Golovkin: 2 days to Golovkin-Geale fight Grim reality of Kazakhstani rehab centres for abused children Armenia to become full member of EEU in January: Armenian PM High-flying hopes of nonexistent planes in Kazakhstan Kazakhstan steps up space research Movie with Kazakh composer's soundtracks shortlisted for Toronto Film Festival Climate change ravaging Antarctic fur seals: study Seizure of land plots in Astana is legal: General Prosecutor's Office Condemned man's US execution takes nearly two hours Surgeons remove 232 teeth from Indian teenager India train hits school bus, at least 11 children dead Kazakhstan and Russia discuss extending sales contract for Karachaganak gas More than 2.2 billion people 'poor or near-poor': UN report Russian cargo craft docks with ISS, science satellite fails Three women arrested for helping Somalia's Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab Canadian aviation giant Bombardier to cut 1,800 jobs Australian Medical Board bans prominent euthanasia doctor 48 killed, 10 survivors in Taiwan plane crash: airline Funeral demands justice for NY man choked by police Beetles devour George Harrison tribute tree MH17 black boxes to be sent to UK lab: Malaysia S. Korean police slammed over ferry tycoon's body In the footsteps of a great Kazakh traveler Kazakh tycoon's legal team doubt French justice Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan exchange blows as latter prepares to join Customs Union Kazakh students meet Chinese President Ilya Ilyin of Kazakhstan 99.9% sure about getting 4th World Championship gold Houdini challenged by Kazakhstani illusionist Life in once flooded Kokpekty village goes on Formula One: S.Africa's Kyalami track to be sold Netherlands no longer biggest investor into Kazakh economy Indonesia's Prabowo to challenge election result in court Heatstroke kills three in Japan, thousands hospitalised Central Bank Governor advises against borrowing Canada expels 20 Hungarians for human trafficking Only one place to swim in Astana Gaza rocket halts Israel flights as foes resist truce efforts New NATO commander for Europe takes over Kazakhstan-based car makers facing obstacles to car exports to Russia Malaysia Airlines plane brought down by mistake: US intelligence officials Four children, two adults killed in France minibus crash Qatar emir in surprise Saudi visit, holds talks on Gaza Chrysler to recall 792,300 SUVs for ignition problem Geneticists find 100+ DNA pointers for schizophrenia Colombia posts lowest murder rate in 10 years: officials Encephalitis kills 60 in eastern India in fortnight Taiwan battens down for Typhoon Matmo Kazakhstan’s Central Bank Governor on banks’ net worth and deposits restrictions Air Astana conducts first flight to Ukraine since MH17 crash I was in the air over Ukraine when Malaysia Airlines plane crashed: Netherlands ambassador to Kazakhstan Central Bank Governor on prices for real estate at the threshold of EXPO-2017 Turkey arrests more than 50 senior police officers: TV Here's sellin' to you, kid. Casablanca piano up for sale Body of Honduras journalist found; 45th killed since 2003 Deal reached over US gynecologist who secretly taped patients Muslim rebel attacks kill 18 in Philippines: military Accused Android app pirates face criminal charges Texas governor to send 1,000 troops to Mexico border US court makes first conviction in Boston attacks Tazhayakov's lawyer presents no witnesses Monthly average shopping expenses revealed in Kazakhstan Tazhayakov avoided Tamerlan Tsarnaev: FBI Tsarnayev knew how to make bombs: Tazhayakov S. Korea police find body of fugitive ferry owner Kazakhstan announces grain exports figure Brazil construction magnate Norberto Odebrecht dies at 93 N. American box office goes bananas for 'Apes' Russian steelmaker Severstal announces sale of US plants Little boy dragged to death outside hijacked car in S.Africa Lost toddler saved by dog in forest Kazakh helicopter squadron completes tactical flight exercises Astana Opera soloists to perform in Italy Tazhayakov's father accuses FBI agent of false testimony Mountain race ends in tragedy in Kazakhstan's Almaty Three injured in oil refinery fire in western Kazakhstan Russia & Kazakhstan quid pro quo on Baikonur Kazakh company reinsured downed Malaysia Airlines Boeing for $3mln Harmony Lessons actor runs away from orphanage Hailstorm in Ust-Kamenogorsk in July Kazakhstan ranked 8th out of 85 countries at 45th International Physics Olympiad Rebels move MH17 air crash bodies as US accuses Russia Weather is not affected by rocket launches: Kazakh Minister of Emergency Situations Kazakhstan to host 2016 AIBA Women's World Boxing Championships Turkey willing to join free trade area with Customs Union Akon on food, female beauty in Kazakhstan Ukraine risks repeating Afghanistan scenario: Kazakh analyst Industrial State Program had little effect on Kazakhstan's economy: Nazarbayev Prince George, 'style icon', to celebrate first birthday Kazakhstan ranks 79th in Global Innovation Index 2014 Philippine sect opens 'world's largest indoor arena' Kazakhstan and EU negotiate new Partnership and Cooperation Agreement Instructor to appear in India court over alleged child rape China shuts meat factory supplying McDonald's, KFC 'Maverick' star James Garner dies Sky News apologises for rummaging through MH17 luggage Mediterranean migrant boat death toll rises to 30 Xi seeks energy deals in Venezuela Battle for Libya airport leaves at least 47 dead Obama calls for immediate truce as Gaza toll soars US warns against 'pure caffeine' after teen dies Tennis: Kazakhstani Zarina Diyas gets in WTA Top-100 Facebook wants to beam the Internet from the sky Giant public artwork divides opinion in Sydney Tiger campaign threatened by poor data: WWF Bank of Cyprus completes $1 bn private share placement

Astana revives initiative to save tigers

Thursday, 03.07.2014, 16:02
Comments (0)
Astana revives initiative to save tigers
Turanian (Caspian) tiger.

On May 27 Astana hosted a conference to discuss a new action plan of reintroduction of the Caspian tiger, also known as the Turanian tiger, in the Central Asian region. At the conference WWF Russia presented the plan of reintroduction of the tiger that is part of the restoration of the ecosystem.  

Tengrinews interviewed Deputy Chairman of the Kazakhstan Geographic Society Kanat Baigarin about the environmental initiative.

The Caspian tiger, also known as the Hyrcanian tiger, the Mazandaran tiger and the Turanian tiger, is an extinct tiger subspecies that had been recorded in the wild until the early 1970s, and used to inhabit the sparse forest habitats and riverines west and south of the Caspian Sea, from Turkey, Iran and east through Central Asia into the Takla Makan desert of Xinjiang, China. There are currently no individuals in captivity.

The Caspian tiger together with the Siberian and Bengal tiger subspecies represented the largest living felid and ranked among the biggest felids that ever existed.

During the Global Tiger Initiative-spearheaded international forum on saving tigers in St. Petersburg in 2010, the World Wild Fund (WWF) Russia, a branch of the world's largest independent conservation organization, along with the government and experts of Kazakhstan launched a new program to restore the population of tigers in Central Asia. The program involves restoration of the original ecosystems in the Ili River delta and the southern bank of Lake Balkhash, and creation of the Ili-Balkhash State Nature Reserve.

The Turanian or Caspian tiger became extinct in the area about 40 years ago and it was last seen In Kazakhstan near the Syrdarya River in the 1950s. Destruction of their natural habitat, poaching and extermination by Russian military in the 20th century is believed to be the main drivers of the extinction. In addition, reclamation of lands in the 19th century and hunting led to a significant decrease in availability of prey - wild boar and deer - that the tigers fed on.

The Caspian tigers inhabited northwestern China, eastern Turkey, the southern Caucasus, in northern Iran, Iraq, and in some regions of Central Asia. In Kazakhstan, particularly, the inhabited used to exist in riparian streaks of forests along the Syrdarya River in southern Kazakhstan, reed thickets of the southern shore of Lake Balkhash, the Ili River banks and Lake Alakul shore in southeastern Kazakhstan. The tigers also inhabited the Chui valley, Issyk-Kul lake area and Narynkol in southern Kazakhstan.

This map represents the Caspian tiger’s habitat places. Black circles display the confirmed area of tiger’s habitat, red ones – non-confirmed areas of its existence, grey circles show the habitat area, while black squares – cases of individual tiger occurrences.

Since tigers are on the top of the food chain, the project has to first restore the population of their prey base.

Bukhara deer

In the days past the tiers used to prey mainly on wild pigs and cervids, sometimes on Bactrian deer, roe deer, red deer, goitered gazelle, jackals, jungle cats, locusts, and other small mammals, on saiga, wild horses, Mongolian wild asses, and mountain sheep, on Manchurian wapiti and moose. They even used to catch fish in flooded areas and irrigation channels.

As part of the restoration program it is planned to focus on breeding wild pigs and deer for the prey base. The Ili River delta and southern shore of Lake Balkhash are considered to be a perfect place for this kind of prey. 

There are large riparian forests, reed thickets, besides, there is some prey base consisting of boars and red deer there already. In addition, the Ily-Balkash Basin was one of the four main areas of tiger habitat in Central Asia. The region has around 1 million acres of land suitable for tigers.

The plan to reintroduce the tiger into the environment is designed for 15 years. It will include preparation of the tiger habitant areas, release of tigers into the wild and subsequent monitoring. Since there are no Caspian tigers left, Syberian tigers from Russia will be used as a substitute. They are similaraly large and represent the same group of felids. A genetic research was done to confirm that the Caspian tiger was genetically similar to the living Sybeiran tigers, also known as Amur tigers. The Sybeiran tigers will either be obtained rom zoos that have a lot of breeding pairs, or from their natural habitat in the Russian Far East.

Caspian tiger in the Berlin Zoo, 1899.

"Our goal is to bring the tiger population to 200 in 15-20 years. But even if we have only 100 by then, it will still be good progress," Kanat Baigarin said.

Reporting by Renat Tashkinbayev, writing by Assel Satubaldina, editing by Tatyana Kuzmina

Views: 1289    Comments: 0
preloader
Add a comment
preloader

2014
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
July
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

News
Archive

Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31

Feature stories

Поделиться:
Astana revives initiative to save tigers
http://en.tengrinews.kz/userdata/news_en/2014/news_253683/thumb_b/photo_40196.jpg
http://en.tengrinews.kz/environment/Astana-revives-initiative-to-save-tigers-253683/